Atlantic Coast Conference

Atlantic Division

"Eagles" "Tigers" "Seminoles"
Chestnut Hill, MA Clemson, SC Tallahassee, FL
"Cardinals" "Wolfpack" "Orange"
Louisville, KY Raleigh, NC Syracuse, NY
"Demon Deacons"
Winston-Salem, NC

Coastal Division

"Blue Devils" "Yellow Jackets" "Hurricanes"
Durham, NC Atlanta, GA Coral Gables, FL
"Tar Heels" "Panthers" "Cavaliers"
Chapel Hill, NC Pittsburgh, PA Charlottesville, VA
Blacksburg, VA

Historical Helmets


c.1970s c.1980s - 1990;
November 6, 2004;
November 21, 2015
October 27, 2012
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below
2011 - 2012 (away games) October 7, 2016 1991 -
*see note 3 below

Boston College has apparently never used any sort of logo on the sides of its helmets (at least not since the year 1960), and the helmet designs shown above are the only variations of which I am aware. One or two people have claimed that a "flying eagle" logo was used briefly during the 1960s but no supporting evidence has ever been received. Gray facemasks were used at least into the 1980 season, but I do not know specifically when the switch to maroon ones was made (this bit of information would be appreciated).

*1 This design was brought back for the November 6, 2004 home game against Rutgers as part of a plan to "wear 'throwback' uniforms dating back to the 1984 recognition of the 20-year anniversary of [the] Cotton Bowl championship team". The design was again worn during the 2015 home game vs Notre Dame.

*2 Worn during the 2012 home game vs Maryland. The "stripe" on this design had an "American flag" theme (see photo below):

*3 First worn September 10, 2011 (at Central Florida). While I have not attempted to represent it here this design features what was called a "stained glass" pattern within the white helmet stripe (photo below).


c.1960 c.1962 - 1964 1965
1966 1967 - 1968 1969
1970 - ? ? - c.mid 1970s 1976
October 7, 1995;
September 7, 1996
1977 -
*see note 1 below

In 1970, a "paw print" logo apparently was used on Clemson's football helmets for the first time; the original version was somewhat different in shape than the one presently used, and also considerably larger. A "paw print" logo of the same shape as is presently used was introduced by at least 1974, but it was also much larger during its first year or two of use. I have received relatively few photographs from the period 1970-1976 and it is unclear whether stripes were always worn on the helmet during these years (they were present during at least some years).

*1 This design was used during two games, October 7, 1995 vs Georgia, and September 7, 1996 vs Furman, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of intercollegiate football at Clemson. The design was intended to resemble those used by the school's first bowl team, the 1939 team which defeated Boston College in the Cotton Bowl.


1958 - 1964 1966 - 1968 1969
*see note 1 below
1965; 1970 1971 - 1977 c.1974 - c.1976
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below
1978 1979 - 1980 1981 - 1984
1985 - 1993 1994 - 2003 November 10, 2007
*see note 4 below
2004 - 2007 2008 - November 7, 2009 2012 -
*see note 5 below
'C' 'D' 'E'
September 15, 2012 2012 - September 20, 2014
*see note 6 below *see note 7 below *see note 9 below
'A' 'F' 'G'
November 14, 2009 - 2015 - 2015 -
*see note 8 below
'H' 'I' 'J'
2016 - 2016 - 2017 -
2017 -

During the 2016 season Duke used the following sequence of the above helmet designs: F-F-B; B-B-D; F-B-H; I-D-F.

In 2015 Duke used: B-F-B; B-B-F; D-D-B; F-B-B; G (the last game being vs Indiana in the Pinstripe Bowl at New York, NY).

In 2014 Duke used: B-D-B; E-B-B; A-D-A; B-D-B; B (the last game being vs Arizona State in the Sun Bowl at El Paso, TX).

In 2013 Duke used: B-B-D; A-B-A; B-D-D; B-B-D; B-B (the last two games being vs Florida State in the ACC Championship game at Charlotte, NC, and vs Texas A&M in the Chick-fil-A Bowl at Atlanta, GA).

In 2012 Duke used: A-B-C; A-B-B; B-D-A; D-B-D; B (the last game being vs Cincinnati in the Belk Bowl at Charlotte, NC).

The above are, to the best of my knowledge, all of the different helmet designs used by Duke during the period covered by this web site (1960 to present).

*1 In 1969 the college football centennial logo was worn on the left side of each helmet while the "devil head" logo of the previous year was worn on the right side. I am unsure if this scheme was in place during the entire 1969 football season.

*2 Represented here is the 1965 helmet; the 1970 helmet may have had a very slightly different style of numerals.

*3 The logo on this helmet appears to have been used occasionally during at least the 1974 and 1976 seasons; the plain silver helmet was used for other games through at least 1976.

*4 The decals were removed from Duke's helmets for a home game against Georgia Tech in 2007 in recognition of the 1938 Duke team, which finished its regular season 9-0 without allowing a score, before losing 7-3 to Southern California in the Rose Bowl.

*5 First worn September 8, 2012 (at Stanford).

*6 Worn during the 2012 home game against North Carolina Central.

*7 First worn October 20, 2012 (vs North Carolina). Some contributors have noted that the 2014 version of this design featured a "chrome blue" stripe and decal, though I have not classified this as a seperate design here. These features in 2014 tended to appear considerably lighter in color during day games but little different at night, as compared with the 2012 & 2013 versions.

*8 In 2009 a mid-season switch to a much wider blue stripe was made for the home game against Georgia Tech.

*9 Worn during the 2014 home game vs Tulane.


1960? - 1962 (1st two games);
1963; 1964 (some games)
1962 1962
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below *see note 2 below
1962 1964 1965
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below
1966 - 1968 December 30, 1968 September 20, 1969;
September 28, 1969
*see note 4 below
1969 (last eight games) 1970 1971 - 1974
1975 (first two games) September 27, 1975 1975 (last eight games)
*see note 5 below *see note 6 below *see note 7 below
November 21, 2009 1976 - 2013 November 21, 2015
*see note 8 below
2014 -

Most of the following information as to the dates of use of these various FSU helmets is summarized from information found at the "Helmet Hut" web site (

The one "missing" helmet design is the one used by FSU during its first two games in 1969 (vs Wichita State and vs Miami (FL)); during these two games, FSU used gold helmets with a version of the "100" logo that many teams used that year to commemorate the college football centennial. I have seen no color photographs of this helmet, but the "Helmet Hut" web site reports that the football-shape was blue in color. I would appreciate any color photographs from the game.

*1 In 1962, plain gold helmets were used only during the first two games (vs The Citadel and Kentucky).

*2 Beginning with the team's third game in 1962, FSU introduced a triple helmet design scheme. On their helmets the offensive unit wore an arrow logo, the defensive unit a tomahawk, and the multi-purpose players an "indian head". This scheme was in place until the end of the 1962 season.

*3 While this design was apparently in use for most of the 1964 season, the team used plain gold helmets (like the first helmet shown above) during at least the game against Georgia in 1964.

*4 This design was used only during the inaugural Peach Bowl game in Atlanta, GA, which was a 31-27 loss to LSU.

*5 This design was used during games against Texas Tech and Utah State at the beginning of the 1975 season.

*6 Used during one game only - a 10-6 loss to Iowa State.

*7 I have only one photograph - showing only one FSU helmet - from the 1975 FSU game against Memphis State; in this photograph, the FSU helmet lacks any stripes. I would appreciate additional photographs from this game to confirm whether or not the entire team was using stripeless helmets during this game - if so, this would "count" as an additional historical helmet design for FSU.

*8 Black helmets were worn during the 2009 home game against Maryland in order to "[pay] tribute to Osceola, the legendary Native American warrior whose leadership of the Seminoles during the Second Seminole War has made him an enduring symbol of the unconquered spirit that Florida State athletes seek to embody".


c.early 1960s 1965? - 1966 1969 - 1971;
September 21, 2006
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below *see note 3 below
1967 - 1968; 1972 - 1973 1974 - ? 1984 (most games?)
*see note 4 below
c.late 1970s - 2007 2008 2012 -
*see note 5 below
2012 -

Particularly during the 1960s and early 1970s, Georgia Tech appears to have frequently changed helmet designs, and I suspect that there may have been some years in which both white and gold helmets were used at different times. Other designs may have been used besides the ones shown here but I am nearly certain that no logo aside from the traditional "GT" has been used since 1960.

*1 Plain gold helmets were used in at least 1962 and 1963, and probably earlier. There is a gap in my records for 1964.

*2 Many photographs (but not all) from these two years show small, five-pointed "star" decals on most of the helmets, placed in the area where "primary" helmet decals are usually placed. The photographs that I have seen show up to three stars on a single helmet; when more than one is present, they are arranged in a closely-spaced horizontal row. Since not all players had these "stars", I suspect that they were an "award" decal of some sort, rather than an inherent part of the "helmet design". The stars appear to be gold or yellow in color with dark outlines.

*3 This design was brought back for the 2006 home game against Virginia, during which Georgia Tech wore "uniforms reminiscent of the early 1970s".

*4 It has been reported that plain helmets without "GT" decals were used in most games of the 1984 season, though the decals were in use during at least game #3 against Clemson and game #11 against Georgia.

*5 A switch to dark-colored facemasks was made by at least 1978, but I think it is possible that gray facemasks may have been used again sometime after 1978, and there may have been games during which both colors were in use by different players.


1963 1960 - 1962; 1964 - 1965;
1969 (some games)
1966 - 1967
1968 - 1969 1970 - 1972 1973 - 1974?
*see note 1 below
1974 1975 1976
1977 - 1979 1980 1981 - 1982
1983 1984 1985 - 1997
1998 1999 - 2000 2001 - 2002
2009 2003 - 2009 September 11, 2010;
November 12, 2011
*see note 2 below
October 26, 2012 2010 - 2013 2013 (last 2 games)
'A' 'B' 'C'
2014 - 2014 - 2014 -
'D' 'E' 'F'
2015 - 2015 - 2016 -
*see note 3 below
'G' 'H' 'I'
2016 - 2016 - 2017 -

In 2016 Louisville used four of the above helmet designs in the following order: B-B-F; F-F-G; F-B-F; H-B-F; F (the last game being vs LSU in the Citrus Bowl at Orlando, FL).

In 2015 Louisville used: D-B-A; B-B-E; E-A-B; B-B-B; B (the last game being vs Texas A&M in the Music City Bowl at Nashville, TN).

In 2014 Louisville used: A-A-B; B-B-A; A-B-C; B-B-A; A (the last game being vs Georgia in the Belk Bowl at Charlotte, NC).

To the best of my knowledge the above are the complete set of helmet designs used by Louisville during the period covered by this web site (1960 to present).

*1 In 1969, apparently plain red helmets were used for some games, while white players' uniform numerals were worn on the helmets during other games.

*2 Worn during four games in 2009: October 2 vs Pittsburgh, November 14 vs Syracuse, November 21 at South Florida, and November 27 vs Rutgers.

*3 The large cardinal appeared on the left side only of this design; the right side features an "L" logo (as represented below).


c.1960 - 1964 1965 - 1968 1967; October 29, 2005
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below
1970 1971 1971
*see note 3 below
1972 - 1975 1977 1976; 1978 - 1983
'B' 'C'
November 20, 2010 2014 - 2014 -
*see note 4 below
'D' 'E' 'A'
2015 - 2015 - 1984 -

In 2015 Miami used three of the above helmet designs in the following sequence: A-A-A; D-A-A; A-A-E; A-A-A; A (the last game being vs Washington State in the Sun Bowl at El Paso, TX).

In 2014 Miami used: B-A-A; A-A-B; A-A-A; C-A-A; B (the last game being vs South Carolina in the Independence Bowl at Shreveport, LA).

Like many other colleges, Miami's helmet history during the 1960s appears to be rather complicated, with a number of midseason changes having been made, particularly during the second half of the decade. This is one of those teams for which I suspect a game-by-game analysis would be necessary to identify every design used by the team.

In 1969, Miami used gold helmets with a logo consisting of a football shape with the number "100" across it, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the first college football game; I do not know what colors were used in Miami's version of this decal, but in black-and-white photographs it appears to have been a dark-colored football shape with a white outline and with white numerals.

*1 White helmets with green numerals MAY also have been used at some time during the early 1960s.

*2 This design was resurrected for a 2005 home game against North Carolina in honor of the 1967 Miami team, which "played a large part in making the 1960s a prosperous decade in UM Football", according to a press release from the university.

*3 This "plain" helmet design was apparently used for just the first couple of games during 1971.

*4 Worn during the 2010 home game against Virginia Tech.


1960 - 1962 1963 - 1966 1967 - 1977
*see note 1 below
1978 1979 1980 - 1985
1986 - 1987 1995 - 2000 September 29, 2012
*see note 2 below
'B' 'C' 'D'
2012 October 20, 2012 2012
*see note 3 below *see note 4 below *see note 5 below
'A' 'F' 'G'
1988 - 1994; 2001 - 2012 2013 - 2014 2013
'H' 'I' 'J'
2013 - 2014 2013 - 2014 2014
'K' 'L' 'M'
2014 2015 - 2015 -
'N' 'O'
2016 - 2016 -

In 2015 UNC used two of the above helmet designs in the following order: L-L-M; M-M-L; M-M-M; L-M-L; M-M (the last two games being vs Clemson in the ACC championship game at Charlotte, NC and vs Baylor in the Russell Athletic Bowl at Orlando, FL).

In 2014 UNC used: F-F-H; H-J-H; I-I-F; F-K-K; I (the last game being vs Rutgers in the Quick Lane Bowl at Detroit, MI).

In 2013 UNC used: F-F-F; G-H-I; H-F-I; I-F-F; I (the last game being vs Cincinnati in the Belk Bowl at Charlotte, NC).

In 2012 the following sequence was used: A-A-A; A-E-B; B-C-D; B-D-A.

The above are all of the "known" helmet designs used by UNC from 1960 to present.

*1 Several photographs that I have seen from around the period 1975 to 1977 seem to show UNC using helmet shells of a somewhat darker shade of blue than were used during other years. This seems to be most noticeable in photographs from the 1977 season.

*2 Worn during the 2012 home game against Idaho.

*3 First worn October 6, 2012 (vs Virginia Tech).

*4 First worn October 20, 2012 (at Duke).

*5 First worn October 27, 2012 (vs North Carolina State).


1960 - 1962 1963 1964 - 1967
1968 - 1971 1972 - 1977 1978 - 1980
1981 - 1982 1983 - 1985 1986 - 1998
1999 2000 - 2006 2007 - 2012
'B' 'C' 'D'
2011 - 2012 2013 - 2013
*see note 1 below
'E' 'F' 'G'
2013 - 2013 2013
'H' 'I' 'J'
2014 - 2014 - 2014 -
'K' 'L'
2015 - 2016 -

During the 2015 season N.C. State used four of the above helmet designs in the following sequence: C-H-J; C-J-J; C-C-C; C-K-J; H (the last game being vs Mississippi State in the Belk Bowl at Charlotte, NC).

In 2014 N.C. State used: C-H-C; C-E-C; I-E-E; E-J-J; J (the last game being vs Central Florida in the Bitcoin St. Petersburg Bowl at St. Petersburg, FL).

In 2013 N.C. State used C-D-E; C-E-C; F-G-C; C-C-E.

In 2012 N.C. State used: B-A-A; A-A-B; A-B-B; A-A-A; A (the last game being vs Vanderbilt in the Music City Bowl at Nashville, TN).

In 2011 NC State used: A-A-A; A-A-B; A-A-A; A-B-B; B (the last game being vs Louisville in the Belk Bowl at Charlotte, NC).

A visitor to this web site brought to my attention the photograph on the left below, which I believe is from the 1984 season (or maybe 1983) - note the cartoon wolf logos worn on either side of the helmet near its front. I had speculated here previously that this might count as another helmet design for the team, and asked whether there was ever an occasion when the whole team was using these decals - but apparently that was never the case, and the wolf decals are simply "award decals" worn by a few players. I have subsequently received some other photographs (for example, the one on the right below) which show the wolf decals on some helmets, but not on others.

*1 First worn October 8, 2011 (vs Central Michigan).


? - 1965? 1966? - 1967 1968
1969 1970 - 1972 1973 - 1979
September 24, 2005
1980 - 1992 1993 - 1996 1997 - 2004
November 26, 2010 2005 - 2012 2013 - 2014
'A' 'B'
October 29, 2015 2014 - 2016 -
*see note 2 below
2016 -

In 1969 this was one of the many teams to wear a "100" logo in recognition of the college football centennial. Pittsburgh's version appears to have featured a dark blue football shape, outlined in white, with white numerals that may have been outlined in red; the one photograph that I have of this helmet is not really clear enough to reveal the details within the decal, but the helmets were otherwise similar to the "1970-1972" design shown above.

Pittsburgh used helmet shells of a rather unique color for many years during the 1970s and 1980s; sort of a mustardy-yellow that seemed to have almost a greenish cast under certain lighting conditions. The actual color of these helmets probably varied somewhat during this period, but I have not attempted to depict any such changes here.

*1 First worn October 25, 2014 (vs Georgia Tech), then worn through the end of the 2014 season.


c.early 1960s 1969 c.mid 1960s - 1968;
1970 - 1973
1974 - 1976 1977 - 1980 1981 - 1982
1983 - 2004 2005 - 2006 2007
'A' 'B' 'C'
2008 - 2013 2013 2014 -
'D' 'E' 'F'
2014 - 2014 - 2014 -
'G' 'H' 'I'
2015 - 2016 - 2016 -
2016 -

In recent years Syracuse has used the following sequences of helmet designs:


1960 - 1961 1962 - 1967 1967 - 1974
*see note 1 below
1975 1976 - 1977 1978 - 1981
1982 - 1983 1984 - 1993;
September 6, 2008
2001 - 2009
*see note 2 below
'B' 'C' 'D'
December 31, 2011;
2012 -
2012; 2014 - 2012; 2014 -
*see note 3 below *see note 4 below *see note 5 below
'E' 'F' 'G'
2014 - 2015 2015
*see note 6 below
'A' 'H' 'I'
1994 - 2000; 2010 - 2015 2016 - 2016 -
*see note 7 below *see note 8 below
2016 -
*see note 9 below

In 2015 Virginia used five of the above helmet designs in the following sequence: F-A-C; G-A-B; B-A-A; B-A-G.

In 2014 Virginia used: A-A-A; A-C-E; D-A-A; A-A-E.

In 2013 Virginia used: A-A-A; B-B-B; A-A-A; A-A-A.

In 2012 four designs were used in the following sequence: B-B-A; A-C-D; B-A-A; A-A-A.

*1 This design remained in use through at least the first game of the 1967 season against Army. The oval-shaped logo was added by at least the final game of the 1967 season against Maryland.

*2 This helmet design featured a rare even number (2) of stripes, as opposed to the usual 1, 3, or 5 stripes; a navy blue stripe on the left side of center bordered directly against an orange stripe of the same width on the right side. This design was brought back for a home game against Richmond in 2008, with the following justification from the team's web site: "Saturday�s 'Retro Game' celebrates that 10-year era of Virginia football from 1984 to 1993. During that time frame, UVa won 72 games and the school�s first ACC football championship, earned a No. 1 national ranking, and participated in six bowl games. The 1989 team will be recognized at halftime of the Retro Game".

*3 First worn vs Auburn during the 2011 Chik-fil-A Bowl at Atlanta, GA.

*4 First worn September 29, 2012 (vs Louisiana Tech).

*5 First worn October 6, 2012 (at Duke).

*6 First worn October 4, 2014 (vs Pittsburgh).

*7 This design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side features the school's primary athletic logo (as depicted below).

*8 This design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side features the school's primary athletic logo (as depicted below).

*9 This design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side features the school's primary athletic logo (as depicted below).


1960 - 1961 1962 - 1965 1966 - 1970;
September 12, 2009
*see note 1 below
1971 - 1973;
September 6, 2008
1974 - 1977 1978 - 1982
*see note 2 below
1983 - 1986 1987 - 1998; 2015 November 14, 2009;
November 28, 2009
*see note 3 below
'B' 'C' 'D'
September 6, 2010 2010 2010
*see note 4 below *see note 5 below *see note 6 below
'E' 'F' 'G'
January 3, 2011 2011 September 24, 2011
*see note 7 below *see note 8 below *see note 9 below
'H' 'I' 'J'
2011; 2013- 2011 September 8, 2012
*see note 10 below *see note 11 below *see note 12 below
'K' 'L' 'M'
September 22, 2012 2012 2012
*see note 15 below *see note 13 below *see note 16 below
'N' 'O' 'P'
December 28, 2012 September 21, 2013 September 26, 2013
*see note 17 below *see note 18 below *see note 19 below
'Q' 'R' 'S'
November 16, 2013 2014 - 2015 -
*see note 20 below
'T' 'U' 'A'
2015 - 2015 - 1999 - 2015
'W' 'X'
2016 - 2016 -

During recent years Virginia Tech has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

This is believed to be a complete set of helmet images for Virginia Tech for the period 1966 to present. In 1960 and 1961, the team used white helmets with a darker stripe and with uniform numerals on the sides; the color of the stripe and numerals is presently unknown, but both were probably maroon. From 1962 through 1965, Virginia Tech wore maroon helmets with light-colored uniform numerals (probably white) on the sides. I would appreciate some color photographs of these early helmets to confirm the colors used on the helmets.

*1 This design was brought back for use during the home game against Marshall in 2009 as a tribute to Frank Loria, who played safety at Virginia Tech from 1965 through 1967. Loria later became an assistant coach at Marshall and was a victim of the November 14, 1970 airplane crash which claimed the lives of most of the Marshall team and coaching staff.

*2 This design was resurrected for use during a home game against Furman in 2008.

*3 Worn during games at Maryland and at Virginia during the 2009 season.

*4 Worn during the 2010 game against Boise State played in Landover, MD.

*5 First worn September 11, 2010 (vs James Madison).

*6 First worn November 20, 2010 (at Miami (FL); also worn during the 2010 ACC championship game against Florida State played at Charlotte, NC.

*7 Worn vs Stanford during the January 3, 2011 Orange Bowl game at Miami, FL.

*8 First worn September 17, 2011 (vs Arkansas State).

*9 Worn during the 2011 game at Marshall.

*10 First worn November 10, 2011 (at Georgia Tech).

*11 First worn November 26, 2011 (at Virginia); also worn during the 2011 ACC championship game against Clemson played at Charlotte, NC..

*12 Worn during the 2012 home game vs Austin Peay.

*13 First worn October 13, 2012 (vs Duke).

*14 Worn during the 2013 game at Georgia Tech.

*15 Worn during the 2012 home game vs Bowling Green.

*16 First worn November 17, 2012 (at Boston College). The large turkey was used only on the left side of each helmet; on the right sides were small black uniform numerals.

*17 Worn vs Rutgers during the Russell Athletic Bowl at Orlando, FL.

*18 Worn September 21, 2013 (vs Marshall).

*19 Worn September 26, 2013 (at Georgia Tech).

*20 Worn during the 2013 home game vs Maryland.


1960 - ? 1961 - 1963 1964
*see note 1 below
1965 - 1968 1969 - 1971 1972
*see note 1 below
1973 1974 1975
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below
1976 - 1977 1978 1979 - 1986
1987 - 1990 1991 - 1992 1993 - 2000
'B' 'C' 'D'
2013 2013 2013 -
*see note 4 below *see note 5 below *see note 6 below
'E' 'A'
2014 - 2001 - 2017 -

In 2015 Wake Forest used two of the above helmet designs in the following sequence: A-A-A; E-A-A; E-E-A; A-A-A.

In 2014 Wake Forest used: D-A-A; D-D-D; A-A-E; A-D-A.

In 2013 Wake Forest used: A-B-B; B-C-C; C-C-A; D-B-D.

Wake Forest apparently used black helmets in 1960 with light-colored numerals and light-colored stripes; a color photograph (to clarify the color of the stripe and numerals) from the 1960 season would be appreciated.

*1 I have received conflicting information about the color of the letters "WF" inside the black circular logo on these two helmets. One person has reported that the "WF" was yellow in 1964, but had been changed to white by at least 1967; another person has reported that the letters were always yellow. The photographs that I have seen are ambiguous. Most seem to imply that the letters were somewhat lighter than the helmet shell color, though some also seem to show the letters being darker than other white parts of the helmet (such as the stripes and the chinstrap). The only color photograph I have ever received from these years (see below, from the 1968 season) does suggest that the letters may have been yellow rather than white.

*2 Previously I had speculated here that some very small text (possibly "WAKE FOREST") was present within the middle white stripe on the helmet logo of this design, but new information reveals that these features were actually the "stitches" on the "football". As to why this logo was worn I have received the following explanation from a 1973 Wake Forest vs William & Mary game program: "One of the more noticeable changes [head coach] Chuck Mills has brought to the 1973 Deacon football team is the redesigning of the players' helmets. More specifically, not only is the helmet now a solid white, excluding a gold and black stripe down its center, but on each side is a decal unique to Wake Forest football. It is a red, white, and blue football, with corresponding stars and stripes similar to the American flag. 'The idea of the decal evolved from the Centennial of College Football in 1969,' Mills explains. 'Simply, our decal is to signify our game of American Football is more native and unique to America on the international plateau than any sport we participate in. It is also a reminder of the concepts we attribute to the "American Dream" and the role athletics play in the endeavour to strive for that dream.'" (thanks Marcus).

*3 In 1974 Wake Forest used the same helmet logo that was used in 1973, but only on the right sides of the teams' helmets. On the left sides was worn a new logo incorporating both the American and Japanese flags within a football-shape; this was apparently done in recognition of a trip made to Japan in January 1974 by the Wake Forest team, during which two exhibition games were played against Japanese college teams.

*4 First worn September 6, 2013 (at Boston College).

*5 First worn September 28, 2013 (at Clemson).

*6 First worn November 9, 2013 (vs Florida State).