American Athletic Conference

East Division

"Bearcats" "Huskies" "Pirates"
Cincinnati, OH Storrs, CT Greenville, NC
"Bulls" "Owls" "Knights"
Tampa, FL Philadelphia, PA Orlando, FL

West Division

"Cougars" "Tigers" "Midshipmen"
Louisville, KY Memphis, TN Annapolis, MD
"Mustangs" "Green Wave" "Golden Hurricane"
Dallas, TX New Orleans, LA Tulsa, OK


There were three new members of this conference in 2014 - East Carolina, Tulsa, and Tulane; Navy will be a new member in 2015.

Historical Helmets


1960 1961 1962 - 1966
1967 1968 1969
1970 - 1972 1973 - 1978 1979 - 1981
1982 1983 1984
1985 - 1988 1989 1990
*see note 1 below
1990 1991 - 1992 1993 - 2004
January 1, 2010 December 27, 2012 August 31, 2013
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below *see note 4 below
September 7, 2013 December 5, 2013 2005 -
*see note 5 below *see note 6 below *see note 7 below

I believe that the above are the complete set of historical helmet designs used by Cincinnati during the period covered by this web site (1960 to present).

*1 "Blank" helmets were used during the first game of the 1990 season (vs Bowling Green) because the new helmet decals were late in arriving.

*2 Used during the Sugar Bowl game against Florida at the end of the 2009 season.

*3 Worn vs Duke during the 2012 Belk Bowl at Charlotte, NC.

*4 Worn August 31, 2013 (vs Purdue).

*5 Worn September 7, 2013 (at Illinois).

*6 Worn during the 2013 home game vs Louisville.

*7 During Cincinnati's December 31, 2011 appearance in the Liberty Bowl at Memphis, TN (vs Vanderbilt) this helmet design was altered by the addition of white uniform numerals to the right side of the helmet (as shown below). The traditional "C"/bearcat claw logo remained on the left sides of the helmets during this game.


1958 - 1962 1963 1964
1965 1966 1967
*see note 1 below
1968; 1970 1971 - 1972 1973 - 1975
1976 - 1977 1978 - 1982 1983 - 1989
1990 - 1993 1994 1995 - 1998
1999 - 2001 2002 2003 - 2012
'A' 'B'
2013 - 2013 -

In 2013 Connecticut used the last two helmet designs shown above in the following sequence: A-B-A; B-B-A; A-B-B; A-A-A.

During 1969, like many other college teams, UConn used a logo consisting of the number "100" inside a football shape to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the first college football game; I would appreciate a photograph of UConn's version of this helmet.

*1 The 1965 Connecticut helmet was one of the more unique designs in the history of the sport. Half of the shell was white and the other half navy blue, with the same logo on each side, but with the colors inverted. I believe that it was the left half of this helmet that was white and the right side blue, so the right side of the helmet would resemble the 1964 helmet shown here. This strange design was used for just one season.


c.late 1950s - 1962 1963 - 1968 1969
1970 1971 1972 - 1973
1974 - c.1975 c.1977 - 1988 1989 - 1998
*see note 1 below
1999 - 2004 2005 2006 - 2010
September 5, 2013 November 5, 2009;
2011 -
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below

From the late 1950s through 1962 East Carolina used white helmets with a dark stripe and dark numerals on the sides; it has been reported to me that the color of these features was purple, but I have not seen any color photographs to verify the report. Below is the clearest pre-1963 photograph that I have received for East Carolina:

During the 1969 season, ECU used gold helmets with a version of the "100" logo that many teams used that year; the football shape was apparently some dark color with a white outline, and the numerals appear to be white. A color photograph of this helmet would also be appreciated.

ECU's 1971 helmets were similar to the 1970 version shown above, but also featured a rather intricate "pirate head" logo, as may be seen in the photographs below. Other photographs that I have, though less clear than these, are in color and show that the helmet logo was depicted in at least three colors (yellow, white, and purple). I would greatly appreciate a copy of this logo, and a very clear photograph of the 1971 helmet!

For 1972 and 1973, the pirate head was replaced with the letters "ECU" in a slightly arched horizontal row. The letters were yellow and were fairly large, and they may have been outlined in white.

I do not have any photographs from the 1976 season, and I do not know what the helmets looked like that year, but the helmets shown above are believed to be a complete set for the period 1977 to present.

*1 Some photographs from this period show that at least some helmets were "blank" on at least one side.

*2 Worn during the 2013 home game vs Florida Atlantic.

*3 Worn during the 2009 home game against Virginia Tech and the first two games of the 2011 season (vs South Carolina at Charlotte, NC and vs Virginia Tech).


1959 - 1961 1962 - 1965 1966 - 1978
1979 - 1986 1987 - 1994 1995 - 1998?
1999 only? September 16, 2006 October 22, 2011
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below
'B' 'C'
2000 - 2011 2013 - 2013 -
*see note 3 below *see note 4 below
2012 -

Houston has used three of the above helmet designs through twelve games of the 2013 season in the following sequence: A-B-A; B-A-A; B-C-B; B-A-C.

The above are all of the "known" helmet designs used by Houston during the period covered by this web site (1960 to present).

*1 Worn during a home game in 2006 against Grambling State.

*2 Worn during the 2011 home game vs Marshall.

*3 First worn September 7, 2013 (at Temple).

*4 First worn October 31, 2013 (vs South Florida).


? - 1966 1969 1967 - 1968; 1970 - 1971
1972 1973 - 1980 1981 - 1985
1983?; c.1985 - c.1987 c.1986 - c.1987 1988 - 1989
*see note 1 below
c.1991 c.1991 - c.1992 1993? - 1994
'B' 'C'
1995 - 1998 2013 - 2013 -
'D' 'E' 'A'
2013 - 2013 - 1999 -

Memphis used five of the above helmet designs in 2013 in the following sequence: B-A-B; C-C-B; D-A-A; A-E-A.

Memphis has a rather large and (so far) poorly-documented set of historical helmets, including apparently several mid-season design switches through the years. I have partial information for a number of other helmets not yet represented here; below are photographs of several of these:

During the 1960s, Memphis State University (as the school was known until 1994) used white helmets with numerals on the sides. Although I have received no clear color photographs of this design, it has been reported to me that the numerals were black. There was also a sequence of three stripes on the helmet - one person has claimed that they were blue-red-blue, while another indicated black-red-black (I do not know which is correct- perhaps both versions were used at different times). These persons were in agreement, however, that the "reddish" color used on the helmets during the 1960s was red rather than orange, as I had suggested here previously (orange would not have been used because Tennessee uses that color, said one person).

During the years 1967 through 1971 (except 1969), the numerals were replaced with a small "tiger head" logo of unknown color (I have received a report indicating that it was orange). I would appreciate a copy of this logo, and a clear color photograph from one of these two years.

A version of the "100" logo was used during the college football centennial year of 1969. MSU's version was blue with white numerals that were apparently outlined in red.

I have a couple of poor-quality photographs from the 1972 season showing what was apparently a blue "MSU" logo worn on silver helmets shells. None of the photographs are clear enough to show whether there was any sort of outline around the blue letters, or whether any stripes were present.

During at least the 1986 and 1987 seasons, another helmet design was used for at least a few games - it featured a white helmet shell with a blue "MSU" logo, and an unknown sequence of stripes.

There is a gap in my records for the year 1990, and I do not know what helmet design was used that year.

*1 This design was used during at least games #4 and #9 of the 1988 season (vs Tulane and Southwestern Louisiana), while the navy blue helmet with the white "MSU" logo was used for games #3 and #7 in 1988 (vs. Louisville and Tennessee). It was also used for an unknown number of games during 1989.


late 1960? - 1961 1962 vs Army 1963 vs Army
*see note 1 below
January 1, 1964 1964 1969
*see note 2 below
1969 vs Army 1969 vs Army 1971 - 1972 (some games)
*see note 3 below *see note 3 below *see note 4 below
1960?- 1963?; 1965? - 1968?;
1970 - 1985
December 4, 1993 December 8, 2011
*see note 5 below
1986 -

Navy has apparently used plain gold helmets without any logos or stripes for all but one game since about 1974. However, the team's helmet history prior to 1974 is rather complicated and unclear to me at the present time. The team used several single-game designs during the 1960s, particularly during the tenure of head coach Wayne Hardin (1959 - 1964); most of these were used during the annual game against Army. Two of these designs are well-documented (the 1962 and 1963 Army game designs) but I suspect that there may have been others. Lots of photographs are available for the years when quarterback and Heisman Trophy winner Roger Staubach was at Navy (1962 - 1964) but I have relatively few photos from the 1965 through 1968 seasons.

Some of the following information - particularly as to the dates of use for the various designs - is summarized from information posted at the "Helmet Hut" web site (

*1 This anchor-shaped logo was apparently used for at least portions of the 1960 and 1961 seasons. A slightly different anchor logo may also have been used at some point around this time.

*2 Worn vs Texas during the Cotton Bowl game in Dallas, TX at the end of the 1963 season.

*3 During the Army game in 1969, Navy wore white helmets. Two differently-colored versions of the "100" logo were worn, apparently in roughly equal numbers, by Navy players during this game. Earlier during the 1969 season, a blue version of the "100" was worn on gold-shelled helmets.

*4 White stripes were worn on Navy's helmets during a few games in 1971 and 1972. The "Helmet Hut" web site reports that the white stripes were used during four games: in 1971 vs Army and in 1972 during games against Penn State, Boston College, and Notre Dame.

*5 Worn vs Army at East Rutherford, NJ in 1993.


1997 - 2002 2003 - 2004 2005 - 2009
*see note 1 below
October 9, 2010 December 20, 2008;
subsequent games 2009-2010
2011 -
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below *see note 4 below
'C' 'D' 'A'
2011 - November 19, 2011 2011 -
*see note 5 below *see note 6 below *see note 7 below

Through eight games of the 2013 season USF has used the following sequence of helmet designs: A-A-C; B-A-A; A-C.

During the 2012 season USF used the following sequence: C-A-C; B-B-C; A-B-A; B-A-B.

In 2011 USF used: B-A-A; C-A-B; C-C-A; D-C-B.

The USF football program began at the NCAA Division I-AA level in 1997 and moved to Division I-A in 2001. All of the team's historical helmet designs are represented above.

*1 The helmet decal worn in 2004 may have been somewhat smaller than the one used in 2003.

*2 Used during the 2010 home game against Syracuse. Prior to the 2010 season a similar design (but with two differences) had been announced, but was apparently never actually used. The announced design had a black facemask rather than a green one, and a green outermost outline around the "U" logo rather than a black one.

*3 This design was used by USF on the following occasions: during the St. Petersburg Bowl game against Memphis at the end of the 2008 season; during a home game against Cincinnati on October 15, 2009; versus Northern Illinois during the International Bowl game in Toronto on January 2, 2010; and during all games of the 2010 season except October 9 vs Syracuse, when gold helmets were used.

*4 First worn September 3, 2011 at Notre Dame; subsequently worn October 15, 2011 (at Connecticut).

*5 First worn September 24, 2011 vs UTEP, subsequently worn October 22, 2011 (vs Cincinnati) and November 5, 2011 (at Rutgers).

*6 Worn during the 2011 home game vs Miami (FL).

*7 First worn September 10, 2011 vs Ball State; subsequently worn September 17, 2011 (vs Florida A&M), September 29, 2011 (at Pittsburgh), and November 11, 2011 (at Syracuse).


? - 1966 1967 1968 - 1972
*see note 1 below
1973 - 1975 1989 - 1990 1991
*see note 2 below
1976 - 1986; 1992 - 1996 1997 - 1999 2003
2004 - 2007 2000 - 2002; 2008 - 2011 November 16, 2013
2012 -

*1 This design was in use by at least 1963, but I do not have much information yet for SMU from the years 1960-1962, other than that the team may have used white helmets with numerals of some unknown darker color during part of this period.

*2 The football program at SMU was shut down entirely during 1987 and 1988 by the NCAA for rules violations committed by the university, hence the two-year gap prior to this design being used.


1960 - 1965 1966 1967 - 1969
1970 - 1971 1972 - 1979 1994 - 1995
1996 - 1997 1998 - 1999 2000 - 2003
1989 - 1993; 2004 - 2006 1980 - 1988; 2007 - 2010 2011 -
'F' 'B' 'C'
2013 - 2013 - 2013 -
'D' 'E' 'G'
2013 - 2013 - 2013 -
*see note 1 below
2013 -

During the 2013 season Temple has used eight of the above helmet designs through nine games in the following sequence: F-B-C; A-D-E; G-H-D.

The color of Temple's football helmets was changed from what I would call "red" during the mid-1960s to a much darker color that I would refer to as "maroon" by at least the mid-1970s (though the university refers to this color as "cherry"). I think it is possible that the team may have used some intermediate color between these two during approximately the period 1969-1970, but I do not have enough clear color photographs from this era to say so conclusively. In particular, I believe that the helmet design labelled "1967 - 1969" above may also have been used with helmet shells of a somewhat darker color of red, though not so dark as the design used beginning in 1972. I do have a rather clear photo of the 1967 - 1969 decal being used on helmets that are quite clearly red during the 1967 season.

A couple of people have sent me a photograph from Playboy Magazine showing that publication's 1972 All-American team; the photograph shows Temple player Skip Singletary with a white helmet with a dark red "T" logo. I do not think this design was ever actually used by Temple, as I have seen no photographs from game situations showing such a design in use; all of the photographs that I do have from the team's games in 1972 show the maroon helmet with "TEMPLE" in white letters being used.

*1 First worn October 11, 2013 (at Cincinnati). During this game the "liberty bell" logo was worn only on the left side of each helmet; the usual "T" logo was worn on the right sides.


? - 1962 1963 1964
1964 1964 1965
1965 1966 - 1969 1970
1971 1972 - 1975 1976 - 1980
1981 - 1982 1983 - 1984 1985 - 1988
1992 - 1994 1989 - 1991; 1995 - 1996 1997
2005 (first four games) 1998 - 2009 September 22, 2012
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below
2010 -

I believe that I have been able to add to this web site a complete set of helmet design representations for Tulane for the period 1966 to present, but there are several other very interesting helmets from the early 1960s for which I do not yet have sufficient information.

The team apparently used plain white helmets without stripes, numerals, or logos in 1960 and 1961.

The photograph below shows a design used by Tulane during at least part of the 1962 season:

To be precise, this photograph is said to be from the team's spring game in 1962, and a slightly different design was apparently in use during the football season. The helmet features a large, breaking wave containing an outline of the state of Louisiana, which in turn contains the player's uniform number. Other photos suggest that the state outline and uniform numerals were absent during the football season, but that the large wave did remain on the helmet. I have very few photos of this one, and none in color, so any good photographs would be appreciated. The helmet shell was apparently white and the main color of the "wave" was green - it is unclear whether there were any other colors (like blue) within the wave.

Tulane used light blue helmets in 1964, with at least three different helmet logos. Below are some photographs from 1964:

The first picture shows the helmet's shell color. A shows a "UT" logo which was apparently white in color; B shows a mysterious logo which apparently consisted of a white football-shape containing the words "GREEN MACHINE" and what may be a set of interlocking "gears"; C shows a logo worn by Tulane's defensive unit, which had adopted as its nickname "The Posse" - the logo apparently represented a hangman's noose.

In 1965 Tulane used silver helmets for the only known time in the team's history. At least two helmet logos were used: a "T", either light blue or white in color (I have received conflicting reports) inside a dark oval-shape (which was probably green), and another instance of the "noose" logo, this time in some dark color. There were also several stripes on the helmet in a dark/white/dark/white/dark sequence. Below are photographs of these two:

I would greatly appreciate any large, clear photographs of these pre-1966 Tulane helmets, particularly ones which are clear enough to resolve some of the unknown colors on these designs.

*1 Tulane used "plain" green helmets for four games during the 2005 season: September 17 vs. Mississippi State, September 24 at Southern Methodist, October 1 vs. Southeastern Louisiana, and October 8 vs. Houston. The absence of helmet decals during these games was attributed to damage to the team's equipment in New Orleans caused by Hurricane Katrina. Helmet decals reappeared for the October 14 game against UTEP.

*2 During Tulane's September 22, 2012 home game vs Mississippi the team wore the numerals "18" on the left side of each helmet as a tribute to team member Devon Walker, who suffered a serious spinal injury during Tulane's September 15 game at Tulsa. 18 is Walker's uniform number.


c.1960 c.1962 - c.1964 1965
1966 - 1967 1968 1969
1970 - 1972 1973 1975 - 1976
1977 - c.1980 c.1981 - 1984 1985 - 1990
2000 - 2002 September 20, 2008 1991 - 1999;
2003 - September 6, 2008
*see note 1 below
September 26, 2009;
October 3, 2009
November 27, 2009 September 27, 2008 -
October 30, 2010
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below
November 13, 2010;
November 20, 2010;
December 25, 2010
November 6, 2010;
November 26, 2010
September 10, 2011
*see note 4 below *see note 5 below *see note 6 below
October 15, 2011 October 22, 2011;
November 19, 2011
November 12, 2011
*see note 7 below *see note 8 below *see note 9 below
December 30, 2011 September 29, 2012 2011 -
*see note 10 below *see note 11 below

The set of historical helmets for Tulsa depicted at this web site is one of the more incomplete ones for any NCAA Division I - Football Bowl Championship Subdivision team (particularly for the 1960s and early 1970s); I would greatly appreciate any information which will help me to add more of these historical helmets to this web site.

The earliest photographs that I have are from 1960; these show Tulsa using what are probably gold helmets with numerals on the sides in some unknown color. In 1965, Tulsa used helmets that were similar to the "c.1962 - c.1964" design shown above, but with the addition of dark-colored (probably blue or red) block numerals added to the sides. Color photographs of the 1960 and 1965 helmets would be appreciated.

Tulsa made almost yearly helmet design changes during the late 1960s and early 1970s; several of these may be seen in the photographs below:

During 1966 and 1967, the team wore white helmets with a very strange logo that included a "TU" logo, a hurricane warning flag, and a human face in profile. I would greatly appreciate a clear color photograph of one of these helmets. (This design may have been used during part of the 1968 season, also).

The 1969 helmet shows the "100" decal that many colleges wore that season; as is usually the case, the colors are unknown.

I do not have any color photographs of the 1970 helmet, but based on its appearance in black-and-white photographs, I believe it was probably yellow in color, rather than gold. The dark stripes and the letters spelling "TULSA" are probably blue, but red is also a possibility, as this is also one of the school colors. This helmet was used through 1972.

The 1973 helmet appears to have a gold shell. The "T" in the logo appears to be yellow or gold or red rather than white, and to say that the oval-shape was blue would be to make an assumption. I do not have any photographs from the 1974 season.

The best photograph that I have of the strange logo on the 1966-1967 Tulsa helmets is the one below, showing the logo on a toy helmet - thanks to Charlie O. for this picture.

*1 This design was used in the home game against New Mexico in 2008, during which Tulsa wore uniforms similar to those used by the 1950s Tulsa teams.

*2 This design was used for two games in 2009: versus Sam Houston State (Sep. 26) and at Rice (Oct. 3).

*3 Used during the home game against Memphis in 2009.

*4 Worn during games at Houston and home vs UTEP in 2010, and vs Hawai'i in the Sheraton Hawai'i Bowl game at the end of the 2010 season.

*5 Used during home games against Rice and Southern Mississippi in 2010.

*6 Worn at Tulane in 2011.

*7 During Tulsa's 2011 home game against UAB the two red outermost stripes on the helmet were replaced with pink ones; while I could locate no specific indication of why this change was made, it was almost certainly done in support of "Breast Cancer Awareness Month". I believe that the red outermost outline around the "Tulsa" logo was also replaced with a pink outline during this game.

*8 Worn at Rice and at UTEP in 2011. The "Tulsa" logo was worn only on the left sides of the helmets; large uniform numerals similar in color to the "Tulsa" logo were worn on the right sides.

*9 Worn during the 2011 home game vs Marshall. There is a red "T" with blue outline at the front of the helmet; this design was chosen to resemble helmets worn by Tulsa during the 1940s, though a photograph of the old helmet appeared to show a white helmet with black "T".

*10 Worn vs BYU during the 2011 Armed Forces Bowl game at Dallas, TX. For this game the normally-blue parts of the helmet (the middle stripe and "Tulsa" logo) were replaced with a camouflage pattern.

*11 Worn during the 2012 game at UAB. The "stripe" on this helmet was composed of small "hurricane warning flags".


1979 - 1980 1981 - 1982 1983 - 1984
1985 - 1994 1995 1996 - 2002
2003 - 2006 2007 -

The first Central Florida football team played at the NCAA Division III level in 1979. UCF moved to Division II for the 1982 season, then to Division I-AA in 1990, and to Division I-A in 1996. This is believed to be the complete set of historical helmet designs for this team.