Colonial Athletic Association

"Great Danes" "Blue Hens" "Dukes"
Albany, NY Newark, DE Harrisonburg, VA
"Black Bears" "Wildcats" "Rams"
Orono, ME Durham, NH Kingston, RI
"Spiders" "Seawolves" "Tigers"
Richmond, VA Stony Brook, NY Towson, MD
"Wildcats" "Tribe"
Villanova, PA Williamsburg, VA


Albany and Stony Brook are new members of the CAA in 2013, replacing Georgia State and Old Dominion.

Historical Helmets


1973 - 1977 ? - 1985 1988 - 1992
*see note 1 below
1993 - 2003 2004 -

*1 This design was also used by Albany's club-level team from 1970 through 1972.


c.1959 - 1969 1969 - 1976 1977 - 1983
1984 - 2003 2004 -

Delaware began using the "winged" helmet design in 1951, and has used it continuously ever since, with only a few changes to the facemask color and perhaps some slight modifications to the shades of blue and gold having been made during these five decades. The change from a darker blue to a nearly royal blue in 2004 is the most substantial change to the blue color of which I am aware.

Some players were using facemasks as early as 1954, but they were apparently not standard issue until about 1959. The dates of transition between facemask colors listed above are not precise, because at each change, some players continued to use the previously-used color for another year or two, or even longer. The years listed above are the approximate dates when each new color became predominant.


1973 - 1976 1977 - 1981 1982 - 1985
1986 -

These are believed to be all of the helmet designs used by JMU; the team first played in 1973. The school's name was Madison College prior to 1976 (hence the "MC" logo on the earliest helmet).


1969 c.1950s - c.1975 c.1976 - 1984
*see note 1 below
1985 - 1991 1992 - 1999 2000 -

*1 Maine is reported to have used the "wing" helmet design throughout the 1960s and early 1970s; I do not yet know when the switch to the next design was made, but 1976 is a good possibility, as there was a new head coach that year. Some photographs from the last few years when this design was in use show that some players did not have the uniform numerals on their helmets, but I do not think there was ever a time when all Maine helmets lacked the numerals. In 1969, the player's numerals were replaced with a version of the "100" decal that many teams wore that year; Maine's version apparently featured light-colored numerals on a dark-colored football shape with a light-colored outline.


? - c.1966 c.1967 - ? ? - 1999
2000 2001 - 2002 2003 -

I have never received much information about historical helmet designs used by New Hampshire. I believe that the third design shown above (? - 1999) was probably used for many years, perhaps even as early as the 1970s.


c.1970s c.1980s c.early 1990s
? - 1999 2000 - 2007 2008 - 2010
2011 -

I suspect that Rhode Island may have used light blue helmets with white uniform numerals on the sides during at least some years in the 1960s. It has also been reported that the team used blue helmets with white "ram horns" during some unspecified years during the 1960s.


1960? 1961? - 1965? 1966? - 1969?
1969? 1970 - ? ? - 1979?
1980? - 1981? 1982? - 1988 1989 - 1994
September 5, 1998 1995? - 2002 2003
2004 -

Partial information has been received for some earlier helmet designs used by Richmond:

I could probably add the 1960s designs to this web site if I could obtain some color photographs of them (to establish the shade of blue of the various helmet shells). Below are photographs of some of these designs:

The "1989-1994" helmet design shown above apparently had a different stripe sequence during some years; the photograph below appears to indicate an asymmentrical stripe sequence was present in 1990 - there was apparently a blue stripe adjacent to a red stripe. I would appreciate a clear color photograph showing the stripe sequence on this one.

For a brief time during the late 1990s (reported by one person to be for only for a single game, September 5, 1998 vs Rutgers), Richmond used a decal bearing the word "RICHMOND" (different from the 2003 decal) in white letters; I would appreciate a photograph from this game.


? - 1998? 1999? - 2004 2005
2006 -

The team was known as the Patriots prior to 1994. I would appreciate any information about earlier helmet designs used by this team, which first played in 1984 at the NCAA Division III level.


c.late 1990s 1999 - 2000 2001
2002 - 2003 2004 - 2008 2009
*see note 1 below
October 8, 2011 2010 -
*see note 2 below

I have received less information about historical helmets for Towson than for any other team in this conference; any information about pre-1998 helmets used by this team would be appreciated.

*1 The 2009 Towson helmet design featured two stripes (rather than the usual one, three, or five); a white stripe on the left side of the helmet bordered directly against a yellow stripe on the right side.

*2 Worn during the 2011 home game against Richmond.


c.1962 c.late 1960s 1970
*see note 1 below
1972 1972 (last game) c.1974
c.1979 1986 - c.1997 c.1998 - 2002
2003 -

*1 The "75" on this helmet commemorated the 75th season of football at Villanova.


? - 1963 1964 - 1968 1969 only?
1970 - ? c.1976 - 1977 ? - 1980
1981? - 1985 1986 - 1994 1995 - 2000
*see note 1 below
2001? - 2007 2008 -
*see note 2 below

During at least part of the 1969 season, William and Mary used what were apparently yellow helmets with a logo that appears to be nearly identical to the one used by the Cleveland Indians baseball team. The colors as used within the logo cannot be determined with the photographs that I presently have. During at least the Tangerine Bowl game at the end of the 1970 season, and probably for several years during the 1970s, the team used yellow helmets with a logo depicting the letters "WM" in some dark color (probably green but perhaps black). Both of these designs featured dark/white/dark stripes; below are some photos of these two:

*1 The facemask color on this design may have been changed to white during the latter part of its period of use.

*2 I have received conflicting information as to whether or not a white outline was present around the letters "W&M" during the first few years of use for this design; I would greatly appreciate any VERY CLEAR photographs from 2001 through 2003.