Helmets of Discontinued Small College Teams
|c.late 1960s - 1970?|
Adelphi University (Garden City, NY) had an intercollegiate football team for a short period during the late 1960s and early 1970s. The team played at the NCAA's College Division level, which was the predecessor of Division II and Division III. The Adelphi football team was a club-level team in the mid-1960s but was apparently a varsity team from 1968 through 1971.
The team apparently always used white helmets with one brown stripe, and some photographs from the period show some helmets with an oval-shaped logo containing the letter "A"; it is unclear whether the "A" logo was ever in widespread use. "Panthers" was the team nickname.
|2006 - 2007||2001 - 2005; 2008 - 2010?||2011? - 2017|
Facing financial difficulties, Bacone College (Muskogee, OK) announced that it would close in May 2018; this announcement was later rescinded and the college remains in operation, though without its football team, which was discontinued. The school had an NAIA football team from 2001 through 2017 and a junior college team in 1957 and earlier. The above are to the best of my knowledge all of the helmet designs used by the team during the modern era.
Baptist Christian University (Shreveport, LA) had an intercollegiate football team from (apparently) 1974 to 1983 (the school was established in 1973). The photograph below from 1978 is the only one I have found showing a helmet design used by the team - the logo is apparently an "Indian head" (the team nickname was "Warriors"). The school was renamed Louisiana Baptist University in 1993; LBU does not presently have intercollegiate sports teams.
Bishop College, an Historically Black school located in Dallas, TX, closed in 1988; the college had a football team from at least 1911 through 1986. The second helmet design shown above was used by the team during at least the 1985 season, its next-to-last, "Tigers" was the team nickname.
Paul Quinn College (see below) purchased and relocated to the former Bishop College campus in Dallas in 1990, where it remains.
|? - 1999?||2000? - 2002?||2003? - 2005|
|2006||2007 - 2008|
Blackburn College (Carlinville, IL) announced the termination of its intercollegiate football team on January 21, 2009. The team had competed at the NCAA Division III level for many years, and in the Saint Louis Intercollegiate Athletic Conference during 2008, the team's final season.
I have received some partial information about a few other helmet designs used by Blackburn during the early 1990s: in 1990, the team used black helmets with silver facemasks and one single stripe; the helmets were "blank" until about midway through the football season, then silver uniform numerals were added to the sides of the helmets. In 1991, the facemasks were changed to black, two white stripes were added on either side of the silver stripe, and the numerals were replaced with the word "Blackburn" in silver, outlined in white. In 1992, the facemask color was changed again to red, the stripe sequence was altered to red-white-red, and the "Blackburn" decal was replaced with a white block "B" outlined in red. This design was used through at least the 1993 season. I would greatly appreciate photographs of any of these helmets. Thanks to Corny for this information.
Bluefield State College, an historically Black college in Bluefield, WV, had an intercollegiate football team for several decades through 1980. I have been unable to locate any information about helmet designs for this team other than a few photographs of similar quality to those below, which are from Elon University's 1976 yearbook. I believe these helmets are those worn by Bluefield State, which did play Elon in 1975. The logo appears to be a simple "pitchfork". "Big Blues" is the college's athletic team nickname but "devil" imagery has long been used by the college's teams.
Football is scheduled to return to Bluefield State in 2021.
|? - 1972||1973||1974|
|1975 - 1977||1978||1979|
|1980 - ?|
Boston State College (Boston, MA) had a football team from 1971 through 1981; the team was discontinued when the college merged with the University of Massachusetts-Boston. The team nickname was "Warriors".
Partial information is available for several other BSC helmets (no information was found for the 1971 and 1981 designs):
Below are some photographs from old BSC yearbooks.
Bradley University (Peoria, IL) had a football team for many decades which played its last season in 1970. Apparently throughout the 1960s the team used white helmets with a single red stripe and with red uniform numerals, except for the 1969 season when the numerals were replaced with the college football centennial "100" logo in some unknown color (photograph below).
Brooklyn College (New York, NY) had a varsity intercollegiate football team from 1975 through 1990. Information about this team is very scarce and only a few photographs have been located. The first photograph below is from Marist College's 1979 yearbook, showing what I believe to be a Brooklyn College helmet (Brooklyn was the only "BC" team Marist played in 1978); the second is from Stony Brook University's 1984 yearbook. A third photograph reveals the helmet color (red or reddish) but little else. The school colors today are maroon and gold, and "Bulldogs" is the name used by the college's athletic teams, but "Kingsmen" was the nickname during the period while the college had a football team.
CAL POLY POMONA
California State Polytechnic University, Pomona had a football team (named the "Broncos") through 1982; the team played at NCAA Division II level during its last few years. Information about this team has been very difficult to locate, but apparently several other different helmet designs were used, including ones with gold, yellow, and white helmet shells.
Anyone investigating this team, be advised: it is very often confused with the Cal Poly San Luis Obispo team, which still exists (in the Big Sky Conference), has similar school colors (green and gold), and a similar team nickname ("Mustangs"). The two even played each other a number of times in the 1970s, Schedules printed in old media guides, yearbooks, etc often list "Cal Poly" without helpfully distinguishing between the two teams.
CAL STATE HAYWARD
California State University, Hayward (Hayward, CA - now named California State University, East Bay) had a football team through the 1993 season; the team nickname was "Pioneers". The second helmet design shown above was used for at least several years during the mid-1980s; the first design was used during an unknown earlier period.
CAL STATE LOS ANGELES
The helmet design shown above was apparently used by this team during at least the 1966 and 1967 seasons. Cal State Los Angeles (also referred to as Los Angeles State) had a football team until 1978 which competed at the NCAA College Division level (predecessor of Division II). The team's nickname was "Diablos".
UC SAN DIEGO
The University of California San Diego (UCSD) had a football team for one season only - 1968 - before the sport was dropped. As a smaller, short-lived California college team from the pre-internet age, this has been one of the most difficult teams for which to find any information regarding a helmet design. The university did not publish a yearbook for 1968-1969, and while the campus newspapers for that year have been digitized and published on the internet, none of them contain any photographs clear enough to reveal anything about a helmet design other than the shell color (apparently white).
This leaves as a possible source of information only the football team's 1968 opponents, and I think I have found photographs of the UCSD helmet design in CalTech's 1969 yearbook. CalTech ended a 34-game losing streak when it defeated UCSD 34-31 on November 9 and most of the football photographs in the CalTech yearbook appear to be from this game. Below are the clearer photographs and a logo which I believe is very similar to the one used by UCSD:
If any clearer photographs of the 1968 UCSD football helmet are in existence I would obviously greatly appreciate an opportunity to see them. "Tritons" was the team nickname.
UC SANTA BARBARA
|c.1960s||c.late 1980s?/early 1990s?|
The University of California, Santa Barbara had an intercollegiate football team for several decades through the 1971 season, when the program was first dropped. It was resumed in 1984 and dropped again after the 1991 season.
Below is a photograph of another design used by the team; this photograph is from the 1971 season.
CALTECH (California Institute of Technology)
|? - 1967||1968 - 1969||1970 - 1972|
|1973 - 1975||1976 - 1977|
The Caltech football team last played in 1977.
|c.early 1970s||1979 - 1983; 1985||1986 - 1992|
|c.late 1990s||2002 - 2004||2009 - 2011?|
|2012? - 2013||2014||2004 - 2008; 2015 - 2017?|
|*see note 2 below||*see note 1 below|
Cheyney University, an Historically Black school in Cheyney, PA, announced the termination of its football team on December 9, 2017, citing as a reason the school's ongoing financial difficulties. The football team, nicknamed the "Wolves", had participated as a member of the NCAA Division II Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference for many years. I rarely received any information about this team, and it is entirely possible that some helmet designs used by the team were missed, even during the more recent football seasons.
During at least the 2001 season, Cheyney apparently used a helmet logo that was very similar to the one shown on the first helmet above, but with a white "CU" added to the logo.
I received a report prior to the start of the 2005 season indicating that Cheyney would be using a "C" logo that year, similar to the one used by Connecticut, but no photographs were ever provided showing such a decal, and the only photograph that I ever saw from the 2005 season showed the team using "plain" helmets without any side decals.
Descriptions (but not photographs) have been received for a couple of earlier helmet designs. In the mid-1970s the team used white helmets with the school name in blue letters on the sides, and a blue/white/blue stripe sequence. Another design was similar but with a blue "wolf head" logo replacing "Cheyney". During the early 1990s the team again used white helmets with a blue "wolf head" logo.
*1 The team used plain blue helmets during at least one game of the 2004 season (vs. Lock Haven) and at least one game in 2005 (vs. Bloomsburg).
*2 In 2012 and 2013 the "wolf"-shaped logo was worn only on the left side of each helmet; on the right side white uniform numerals were worn (as depicted below).
|? - 1982||1983 - ?||? - 1992|
|1995||1993 - 1994; 1996 -|
Chico State (CA) had a football team at the NCAA Division II level until 1997; the team nickname was "Wildcats".
|2016||2017||2018 - 2019|
|*see note 1 below|
Cincinnati Christian University (Cincinnati, OH) has an NAIA football team for four years (2016 through 2019); the school announced on October 28, 2019 that it would close following the Fall 2019 semester. The team finished with a 2-8 record in 2019, going 2-6 in played games and forfeiting the last two scheduled games (at Reinhardt and at Bluefield), Video from the October 19, 2019 game vs Union shows the team using the same design which was in use in 2018 (purple helmet with white "CCU" logo on both sides). The above are the only helmet designs of which I am aware for this team, which was called the "Eagles".
*1 Uniform numerals are worn on the left side only of this design; a large 'eagle head' adorns the right side (as shown below).
|? - 2001||2002 - 2008|
Colorado College (Colorado Springs, CO) announced the discontinuation of its intercollegiate football team on March 24, 2009, citing "a mandate from the school's board of trustees to reduce spending by $8 million to $12 million during the next fiscal year". The college's geographical isolation from other football-playing schools was apparently also a factor in the decision. The team had played at the NCAA Division III level for many years, and was a member of the Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference in 2007 and 2008.
The above two helmet designs are the only ones for which I have received any information.
CONCORDIA COLLEGE (AL)
|2005||2006 - 2008||2009 - 2011|
|2012||2013||2014 - 2015|
Concordia College, an historically Black college in Selma, AL, had an unaffiliated football team for eleven years (2005 - 2015), which played mostly NAIA and NCAA Division II opponents. Financial reasons were cited for the discontinuation of the program in December 2015.
The above set of helmet designs are, to the best of my knowledge, all those used by the team, whose nickname was "Hornets".
The University of Corpus Christi (Corpus Christi, TX) had an intercollegiate football team until 1967. I have zero information about this team except for a single photograph from 1960 showing the team using plain white helmets during a game against Arlington State. The team nickname was apparently "Tarpons". The current name of the school is Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi.
|? - 1999||2000 - 2002||2003|
|2004(?)||2004 - 2007||2008 - 2009|
|*see note 1 below|
Dana College (Blair, NE) announced that it would be closing on June 30, 2010. At the time of the announcement the college's football team had been a member of the NAIA Great Plains Athletic Conference for several years.
*1 It is unclear to me whether Dana ever actually used this design in 2004. I received information from the college prior to the 2004 season indicating that this design would be used by the team, but the only photographs I saw from any of the team's actual games showed the next helmet (with stripes) being used. Additional information would be appreciated.
Dillard University, an historically Black college in New Orleans, LA, had a football team until about 1965. The team apparently used plain white helmets during the early 1960s, sometimes with a single blue stripe, and at other times with no stripes.
|c.mid-late 1960s||c.early 1970s|
Eastern Montana College (which was renamed Montana State University-Billings in 1994) had a football team during at least the period 1947 through 1978. EMC was a member of the Frontier Conference from 1965 through 1978, and its predecessor, the Montana Collegiate Conference, from 1960 through 1964.
No information has been located for the team's last six seasons (1973 - 1978) but plain dark blue helmets were apparently used during the very late 1960s and early 1970s. Earlier, a cartoon "yellow jacket" logo was used for several years; the yellow jacket decals were gradually abandoned by about 1968 but a few remain visible in photographs until about 1970.
|1960 - 1964||1965 - 1970||1971|
|1972||1973 - 1974||1975 - 1976|
|1977 - 1980||1981 - ?||? - 1997|
Evansville (IN) was a member of the NCAA Division I-AA Pioneer Football League when the university dropped its football program following the 1997 season; the team nickname was "Purple Aces".
|2014; 2017||2013 - 2018||2015 - 2018|
|*see note 1 below||*see note 2 below|
|*see note 3 below||*see note 4 below|
Florida Institute of Technology had a football team from 2013 through 2019; the termination of the program was announced on May 11, 2020 with the following justification: "The unprecedented uncertainty created by the COVID-19 pandemic has forced the university to make difficult personnel and programmatic decisions. Eliminating the expense of the football program is a necessary step to ensure that Florida Tech can continue meeting its core educational mission." The team used the following sequences of helmet designs during its existence:
Florida Tech was an affiliate member of the NCAA Division II Gulf South Conference for football during its seven-year existence. 'Panthers' was the team nickname.
*1 The "FIT" logo is present on the left side only of this design; uniform numerals are worn on the right side (as shown below).
*2 The "FIT" logo is present on the left side only of this design; uniform numerals are worn on the right side (as shown below).
*3 The "FT" logo is present on the left side only of this design; uniform numerals are worn on the right side (so the right sides resembles the right side of design 'B').
*4 Uniform numerals are worn on the left side only of this design; on the right side is a large "panther head" logo (as shown below).
|? - 1964||1965 -|
Frederick College (Portsmouth, VA) existed as a four-year school from 1961 to 1968; the school closed its doors in 1968. The college's football team, the "Lions", played against other small colleges in the region from at least 1964 through 1967. The second helmet design shown above was apparently used in 1966, also, before an apparent switch to red helmets was made for the team's final season in 1967. Additional information about this team would be appreciated.
|1983 - 1989|
Georgia Southwestern had a football team only from 1983 through 1989 which used only the helmet design shown above. The team played at the NAIA level and was known as the "Hurricanes".
HASKELL INDIAN NATIONS UNIVERSITY
|2001 - 2005||2006 - 2008||? - 2000; 2009 - 2010|
|2011 - 2014|
Haskell (Lawrence, KS) announced the suspension of its NAIA independent football team on June 12, 2015; an announcement as to the future of the team is expected by November 1, 2015.
Haverford College (Haverford, PA) had a small-college football team until 1972; the team nickname was apparently "Fords". The photograph below shows a design used by the team in at least 1969 and 1970; assuming the school colors have not changed since then, the helmets are probably black with a red "H" logo.
|? - 1999||2000||2001 - 2003|
|2013||2004 - 2012; 2014 - 2018|
Humboldt State's football team was discontinued following the 2018 season, which was the team's 90th season. I would appreciate any information about helmet designs used by the team prior to the first one shown above.
|c.late 1960s - 1973|
The University of Illinois at Chicago Circle and its predecessor schools had a football team from at least 1950 through 1973; the team nickname by at least the late 1960s was "Chikas". The design shown above was apparently used by the team during its last few seasons (at least from 1969 through 1973). In 1969 this same design was used but with the addition of the college football centennial ("100") logo, which was worn on the back side of UICC's helmets; UICC's version of the logo featured white numerals outlined in red inside a dark blue football shape.
An earlier helmet logo used by the team apparently consisted of a dark-colored (probably red) "C" inside a circle. The school is now the University of Illinois at Chicago.
|1998 - 2011||2012 - 2014||2015 (last 3 games)|
|*see note 1 below|
|2015 - 2016||2017 - 2019|
|*see note 2 below|
Jacksonville University had a football team from 1998 through 2019. The school announced on December 3, 2019 that the football team would be discontinued, and released a statement which read in part "it’s clear the resources required to support our football program outweigh the benefits to the overall Athletics Department and the University." The JU football team, which was nicknamed "Dolphins", had participated as a member of the NCAA Division I FCS Pioneer Football League for many years.
*1 Worn November 7 (vs Davidson), November 14 (at Campbell), and November 21 (vs Valparaiso). This design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side features a large "JU"/"dolphin" logo with a camouflage pattern (as represented below).
*2 This design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side features a large "JU"/"dolphin" logo (as represented below).
Knoxville College, an historically Black college in Knoxville, TN, had a football team for several decades which played its final season in 1996. The photograph below shows the team using white helmets with a "bulldog" logo in 1986.
|1985 - 1987||1988 - 1989||1990 - ?|
|c.1994||1998? - 2007||2008 - 2009|
Lambuth University (Jackson, TN) closed on June 30, 2011; the school had a football team from 1985 through 2010. The team (called the 'Eagles') had been a member of the NAIA and the Mid-South Conference during its last few years. I have been unable to add the team's last two helmet designs to the web site due to the fact that I never received copies of the helmet logos for them; both featured "LU" logos and may be seen in the photographs below:
|1991||1992 - 1993|
As a four-year college, Lees-McRae (Banner Elk, NC) had an NAIA football team for three years (1991 - 1993) which used the designs shown above. Prior to 1991, the school was a two-year college (with a football team). The team nickname was "Bobcats".
|2012||2013 - 2014?||2015?|
|*see note 1 below|
Lindenwood-Belleville University (Belleville, IL) had an NAIA football team for just seven years (2012 through 2018). The school had announced in early 2019 that the 2019 season would be the team's last, but due to a player shortage the final season was abruptly canceled in July 2019.
The above are, to the best of my knowledge, all of the helmet designs used by the team during its period of existence. "Lynx" was the team nickname.
*1 This design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side has a large "lynx head" logo (as depicted below).
|1979 - 1980?||1981 or 1982||1981 or 1982|
Lubbock Christian College (Lubbock, TX - now Lubbock Christian University) had an NAIA football team for just four seasons - 1979 through 1982. The team used at least two helmet designs during this period: the first one with an intricate shield-shaped logo, and the later one with the word "Chaps" (shortened form of the team nickname "Chaparrals"). Normally I do not populate this website with helmet images based on assumed information, but have made an exception in this case due to the scarcity of information about this team; more specifically, I have made some assumptions about the helmet designs shown in the photographs below:
The photograph on the left is from an actual LCC game, and I have assumed that the helmet color is red, and that the logo and facemask are blue, in order to create the helmet image above. I made these assumptions based on the photograph on the right, which accompanied an article published about the team in 2012, and which purports to show an actual historical LCC helmet. For this second helmet design, I have assumed that the helmet was actually used by the team in either 1981 or 1982 (note that the script logo is different in the two photographs); I do not have any photographs showing this second design in use during a game. Hence the two helmet images dated "1981 or 1982" above, one having the logo in a 'Brush Script' font (or something very similar), and the other in 'Brophy Script'.
The earlier LCC helmet design (used in 1979 and 1980) also had a red shell with (apparently) a blue facemask; a visitor to the website has kindly provided some much better photographs than the ones I previously showed here for this design:
The logo is a white shield-shape containing a large white "L" with dark outline, accompanied by a cartoon roadrunner and the smaller letters "CC"; the team nickname was apparently spelled out along the lower bar of the "L". Some other very low-quality color photographs appear to suggest that blue was the other color within the logo. The logo was apparently similar to the one shown in the photograph below, which is distorted because it's on a t-shirt that a person is wearing:
I would greatly appreciate any additional information or photographs for this team.
|1999 - 2000||2001 - 2006?||2007? - 2010|
|2011 - 2019|
MacMurray College (Jacksonville, IL) announced on March 27, 2020 that it would permanently close at the end of the spring semester, citing "declining enrollments, rising competitive costs, and an insufficient endowment", in addition to repercussions from the Covid-19 global pandemic. The school's football team first played in 1985, and had played most recently at the NCAA Division III level as a member of the Upper Midwest Athletic Conference. 'Highlanders' was the team nickname.
I never received much information for this team, but the above helmet designs are probably all of those used by the team from 1999 through 2019. Information about earlier designs would be appreciated.
|? - 2001||2002||2003 - 2005|
|2006 - 2007||2008||2009 - 2012|
|2013 - 2014||2015||2016 - 2017|
|*see note 1 below|
Malone University (Canton, OH) announced the dissolution of its intercollegiate football team on February 1, 2019, citing the need to "to eliminate a $2.5 million structural deficit". The team existed from 1993 through 2018 and had most recently participated in the NCAA Division II Great Midwest Athletic Conference. "Pioneers" was the team nickname.
*1 This design uses the "MU" logo on its left side only; the right side features small silver or reflective uniform numerals (as represented below).
|? - 2000?||2001? - 2005|
Mansfield (Mansfield, PA) was a member of the NCAA Division II Pennsylvania State Athletic Conference when the termination of the program was announced on November 16, 2006, an 0-10 2006 season having been completed by the team a few days earlier. "Mansfield University is too small an institution to support a football program in the manner it deserves," (University president Maravene) Loeschke said in a statement. She said the decision was troubling to former Mansfield football players, but said the school would consider reinstating the program if it could raise an endowment to fund it. "If we are able to raise sufficient funds in this way, we will open discussion about re-establishing a football program at whatever level - Division II, Division III, or Independent League - we can properly support," Loeschke said. (source for these quotes: article entitled "Mansfield eliminates football program", dated November 16, 2006, at centredaily.com (link.)).
In 2006, the last Mansfield team had worn a new helmet logo, apparently a large white "M", on its black helmets; below is a photo of the 2006 helmet. I would appreciate a copy of the 2006 helmet logo, so that I may add this one to the web site.
|c.1969||c.1971 - 1972||c.1974|
|c.late 1990s?||2003? - 2013||2014|
|*see note 1 below|
|2015 - 2016|
|*see note 2 below|
Maranatha Baptist University (Watertown, WI; previously Maranatha Baptist Bible College) announced the "retirement" of its football team on February 2, 2017. A statement issued by the university indicated that the decision was made "primarily for the well-being and safety of the student-athletes, with additional consideration given to recruiting challenges, eroding constituent support of football in general, and declining player retention." The team had first played in 1969.
The team nickname was changed from "Crusaders" to "Sabercats" for the 2014 season.
*1 This design was apparently in use during at least parts of the 2003, 2004, and 2005 seasons, but it may have been first used prior to 2003.
*2 The 2015-2016 design has uniform numerals on its left side only; the right side has a "sabercat" logo (as shown below).
UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND EASTERN SHORE
UMES, an historically Black college located in Princess Anne, MD, had a football team for several decades which played its last season in 1979.
UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS BOSTON
UMass-Boston was a member of the NCAA Division III New England Football Conference when the college announced the disbanding of its football program at the end of the 2000 season. The helmet design shown above was apparently used by the team through most of the 1990s.
UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSETTS LOWELL
|1980||1981 - 1982||1983|
|1984 - 1985||1986||1987 - 1991|
|1994 - ?||c.late 1990s||2001? - 2003|
UMass Lowell was a member of the NCAA Division II Northeast-10 Conference at the time the school announced the termination of its intercollegiate football program in March 2003. The school was previously (until 1991) named University of Lowell; Lowell played its first season of football in 1980 at the NCAA Division III level. Lowell had several other additional interesting helmet designs for which I have only partial information; below are photographs of these:
Clear color photographs of any of these would probably enable me to add them to the website. The 1984-1985 design has the word "Chiefs" (the team nickname during the University of Lowell era) in red on silver helmet shells; I am unsure if the letters were outlined. I have the artwork for the 1980 helmet logo, but do not know the colors as used on the helmet.
|1996 - 2008||2009 - 2010||2011|
|2012 - 2013||2014|
Menlo College (Atherton, CA) announced the termination of its NAIA-member intercollegiate football team on February 2, 2015, citing scheduling difficulties and the expense of the program. The team had played for 29 years (1986 through 2014).
Descriptions of some earlier Menlo helmet designs have been received:
Photographs of any of these earlier helmets would be appreciated.
|? - 2007||2008 - 2011||2012|
|*see note 1 below|
|2013 (last 7 games)||2013 - 2019|
|*see note 2 below|
The University of Minnesota Crookston announced the discontinuation of its football team on December 10, 2019. The team had existed since either 1993 or 1994; prior to then. the school was a junior college which had a football team since at least 1972. During recent yearst he team had been a member of the NCAA Division II Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference. "Golden Eagles" was the team nickname.
*1 During the 2012 season the logo was worn on the left side of the helmet only, with the right side being "blank".
*2 Helmet stripes were apparently first worn October 5, 2013 (vs Bemidji State) and apparently remained in use for the remainder of the season. The stripes were absent for Crookston's first four games of 2013.
Morris Brown College, an historically Black college in Atlanta, GA, announced the suspension of all its intercollegiate athletic teams in May 2003; the school was in the midst of a financial crisis and had lost its accreditation earlier in the year. The football team had recently moved to NCAA Division I-AA where it competed as an independent. The helmet design shown above was used by the team during at least its last couple of years.
Morthland College (West Frankfort, IL) had a varsity football team for one year only (2016) prior to the school's May 17, 2017 announcement that it would be discontinuing all intercollegiate athletic teams. The 2016 team was a member of neither the NCAA nor the NAIA, but did play an eight-game schedule featuring three NCAA or NAIA opponents (UW-Oshkosh, Lyon, and Maranatha Baptist Bible); the game listed on Morthland's schedule at Washington University-St. Louis was apparently played against that school's JV team. At least two helmet designs were used: a white helmet with green "M" during the first three games, and a white helmet with a 'patriot'/'M' logo beginning with game #4 (October 1 vs Maranatha Baptist Bible).
|2000 - ?||? - 2013||2014 - 2015|
|2016 - 2017|
Mount Ida College (Newton, MA) had a football team at the NCAA Division III level from 2000 through 2017. On April 6, 2018 the school announced that it would close at the end of the spring semester, with the college's facilities to be sold to the University of Massachusetts Amherst. The football team, nicknamed the "Mustangs", used only the four helmet designs shown above, to the best of my knowledge. The team had most recently been a member of the Eastern Collegiate Football Conference.
|1987 - 1988||1989 - 1990||1991 - 1995|
|1996 - 1998||1999 - ?||? - 2001|
Mount Senario College (Ladysmith, WI) announced the discontinuation of all its intercollegiate athletic programs on December 12, 2001; the "Fighting Saints" had competed in the Upper Midwest Athletic Conference prior to the announcement. The team's last helmet design is shown in the photograph below (the blue helmet); a copy of the logo used on this helmet would be greatly appreciated. The logo appears to simultaneously represent the letter "M" and a mountain, and it has been reported to me that there is a smaller "T" to the right of the "M", and a small "halo" above the "M".
I have received descriptions of some of the team's earlier helmets:
Photographs of any of these would be greatly appreciated.
Photographs of any of these would be greatly appreciated.
|c.late 1960s||c.1980s||1996 - 2006|
|2007 - 2010|
UNO announced the discontinuation of its football team in March 2011. The team had competed at the NCAA Division II level and was a member of the Mid-American Intercollegiate Athletic Association during its last three seasons.
NEW JERSEY CITY UNIVERSITY
NJCU's football team used this design during the last year or two of its existence; the team was discontinued in March 2003 for financial reasons. NJCU had been a member of the New Jersey Athletic Conference prior to the program's termination.
UNO had a club-level team from 1965 until 1971, which used this helmet for at least part of that time.
NEW YORK INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (NYIT)
NYIT had a football team from (I think) 1969 through 1983. I have never received any information about this team's helmet designs except one photograph showing the team wearing white helmets with a "T" logo on the sides in some unknown color. 'Bears' was the team nickname.
This design was used by Niagara's (NY) club level team around the year 1980.
The NEIU football team existed from 1976 through 1988. From at least 1977 through 1981 the team apparently used plain dark-colored helmets without any stripes or logos on the sides; the helmet color was reported to me many years ago to be brown, but the school colors presently are blue and gold. No color photographs have yet been located for this team.
Northwood Institute (now Northwood University), located in Cedar Hill, Texas, had a football team from 1968 through 1971. The team was known as the Cavaliers in 1968, and as the Knights during subsequent years.
|c.1980s(?)||? - 2012||2013|
|2014 - 2015||2016 - 2017||2018|
Occidental College (Los Angeles, CA) announced the termination of its NCAA Division III football team on October 13, 2020. The college had previously canceled its 2020 season (as did most other NCAA Division III teams) in response to the global viral pandemic. A statement attributed to college president Harry Elam read, "We make this decision in the context of the major financial downturn the college has experienced due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and also as the result of many years’ ongoing study of the football program."
The team had existed since 1894 and was a long-time a member of the Southern California Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. "Tigers" was the team nickname.
|c.1980s||? - 1992?|
Oregon Institute of Technology (Klamath Falls, OR) had a football team for several decades; the team last played in 1992 at which time the school was a member of the NAIA. The second helmet design shown above was apparently the last one used by the team. The 'Tech' logo was used for many consecutive years and may have been used with other helmet color/facemask color combinations than the two above. The 1976 design is shown in the photograph below:
The logo appears to be a cartoon owl encircled by the lettering "OREGON TECH / HUSTLIN' OWLS". No color photographs of this design have yet been located.
In 2014 Paine College (Augusta, GA) had an intercollegiate football team for the first time since 1964, which used the helmet design shown above. At the end of the 2014 season the team was "suspended" for at least two years according to this article. The "Lions" played as members of the NCAA Division II Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference in 2014.
|? - 1964||1965 - 1968||1969 - ?|
Parsons College (Fairfield, IA) had a football team from 1893 through 1970; the school closed in June 1973. "Wildcats" was the team nickname.
|2000 - 2005?||2006?|
Paul Quinn College (Dallas, TX) had an NAIA independent football team for a short time during the early 2000s - specifically 2000 (I think) through 2006. The team used plain gold helmets for several years, but I have received photographs from a game against Howard Payne in 2006 in which the team can be seen wearing plain purple helmets. The team apparently did not ever use a helmet logo.
The college also had a team several decades earlier, which played its last season in 1967.
The clearest photograph that I have received of any helmet design used by Plattsburgh State (Plattsburgh, NY) shows the helmet design above - note that the logo is substantially different from the one used at the same time by the NFL's Cardinals (who were based in Saint Louis at that time). Other photographs (see below) that I have received (including additional ones allegedly from the 1973 season) show a logo that very closely resembles the one used by the NFL team - I would appreciate clarification as to specifically when these different logos were in use.
The white helmet with cardinal head logo was reportedly a new design for the 1973 season. The team is reported to have used "various designs" prior to 1973, including "midnight blue with no logo" in 1972. The more NFL-looking logo was apparently used with at least one red stripe, and with red facemasks, during later years - again I would appreciate specific information as to when these changes were made. The team was discontinued in 1979.
|? - 2008|
Principia (Elsah, IL) announced the "suspension" of its football team in late January 2009. Interestingly, financial reasons were not blamed, but rather concerns about "the small size of the team, the amount of experience among team members, the level of competition on the current schedule, and our ability to prepare athletes and coaches to compete effectively" (source: quote attributed to college President Jonathan Palmer, appearing in "Football suspended" by Maija Baldauf and K.C. Gahlon, The Principia Pilot, February 6, 2009).
The team used plain gold helmets during its last several seasons, and I have never received any information about earlier helmet designs used by the team.
QUANTICO MARINE CORPS BASE
|c.1960s||? - 1972|
The Quantico Marine Corps Base (Quantico, VA) had a football team from 1921 through 1972 which played a diverse set of opponents including many teams which now play at the NCAA Division I-Football Bowl Subdivision level. Information about this team is surprisingly scarce and color photographs have been almost impossible to find. The helmet design shown above was apparently the last one used by the team and may have been used in 1972 only (the team's last year). An earlier design, used apparently through most of the 1960s, is visible in the photographs below. I have no definite information about the colors used on this design but the helmet shell color is almost certainly scarlet (red) with a gold or yellow stripe (scarlet and gold are the traditional colors of the Marine Corps). The logo is almost certainly the Marines' traditional Eagle, Globe, and Anchor logo in some unknown color(s) (probably white or gold). Any color photographs of this design would be greatly appreciated.
During at least the 1989 season the Ramapo (Mahwah, NJ) "Roadrunners" used the helmet design shown above. The team played at the NCAA Division III level until it was discontinued in 1993.
SAINT CLOUD STATE
|c.1980||c.1985 - 1993||1994|
|1995 - 2005||2006||2007 - 2013|
|2014; 2016||2014 -||2015 - 2016|
|*see note 1 below|
Saint Cloud State University (St. Cloud, Minnesota) announced on December 10, 2019 that its NCAA Division II football team would be discontinued. The team had existed since 1895 and had participated in the Northern Sun Intercollegiate Conference since 2008. "Huskies" was the team nickname.
During its last few years SCSU used the following sequences of helmet designs:
*1 Uniform numerals are worn on the left side only of this design; on the right side is the same "C"/"ST" logo worn on both sides of the 2007 - 2013 design.
|? - 2001||2002 - 2003||2004 only?|
|2005 - 2009||2010||2011 - 2012|
|2013 - 2016|
On February 3, 2017 Saint Joseph's College (Rensselaer, IN) announced that it was suspending all operations at the end of the 2016-2017 academic year. A large debt and other financial issues were cited and it is unclear whether the school will ever re-open.
The SJC football team had existed for many decades but I never received any information about its helmet designs from before the year 2001. The team was nicknamed the "Pumas" and competed in the NCAA Division II Great Lakes Valley Conference in 2016.
SAINT MARY OF THE PLAINS
The above helmet design was used during the late 1960s and 1970s by Saint Mary of the Plains College (Dodge City, KS), an NAIA team which participated in the Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference. The school closed in 1992. A later helmet logo was described as a "stylized 'St Marys' in script"; this was used during the late 1980s through the team's final season. 'Cavaliers' was the team nickname.
|2003 - 2004||2005 - 2010|
|*see note 1 below|
Saint Paul's (Lawrenceville, VA) discontinued its entire athletic program in May 2011. The school's intercollegiate football team had existed for six years and had been a member of the NCAA Division II Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association.
*1 This helmet was used by Saint Paul's club-level team in 2003 and 2004 (it was incorrectly reported to me that the varsity team which began play in 2005 would also be using this design). In the one decent photograph that I have seen of this helmet, the placement of the "tiger stripes" varied considerably from one helmet to the next; apparently no specific pattern was designated for their use.
|c.mid 1980s||c.late 1980s||c.late 1980s|
The last Salem College (Salem, WV) football team played in 1988, at which time the team participated in the NAIA's West Virginia Intercollegiate Athletic Conference. The team was known as the "Tigers".
SAN FRANCISCO STATE
|c.1990||? - 1994|
The second design shown above was used by at least the last two San Francisco State teams in 1993 and 1994. In about 1985 the team apparently used purple helmets with a gold football-shaped logo on the sides containing the team nickname "GATORS". The team played at the NCAA Division II level during its last few years.
Two earlier helmet designs are visible in the photographs below.
|? - 1977||1978||1980|
|*see note 1 below|
Seton Hall University (South Orange, NJ) had an intercollegiate football team from 1973 through 1981. .
*1 In 1979 this design had a logo like that shown on the 1980 helmet on its right side only; the left side was "blank".
|? - 2002?||2003|
This college, which was located in Huron, South Dakota, closed on April 1, 2005. Its football team had been a member of the NAIA Dakota Athletic Conference during its last few years.
During its final season in 2004 the team used a helmet logo which can be seen rather poorly in the photograph below. The logo featured the word "SITANKA" between the upraised wings of an eagle.
This design was used by the team at Sonoma State University (Sonoma, CA) during at least a few seasons in the early 1990s. This was apparently not the last design used by the team, however; I have seen some photographs from the late 1990s showing the team using black helmets with a logo consisting of the word "Sonoma" across a pair of crossed swords.
Below is a photograph showing a football helmet which I believe, based on a process of elimination, to be one used by the University of South Dakota at Springfield in 1982. The photograph is part of a larger one appearing on page 133 of Morningside College's 1983 yearbook; the logo appears to be the letters "SDS" arranged vertically within a larger "U". If identified accurately, this is the only photograph I have found showing a helmet design used by this team, which last played in either 1983 or 1984.(Update: unfortunately, this may instead be a Saint Cloud State helmet design.) "Pointers" was the team nicknamed and the helmet color is probably red.
|2004 (at least one game)||2009 - 2010||2001 - 2008 (most games);
2011 - 2013
|2014 (first game)||2014||2015|
|*see note 1 below|
Stillman College, an historically Black college in Tuscaloosa, AL, announced that its intercollegiate football team would be dropped on December 3, 2015, citing financial difficulties. The "Tigers" had participated in the NCAA Division II Southern Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
The modern era of football at Stillman began in 1999; I would appreciate any helmet information for the 1999 and 2000 seasons. Before 1999 the college had last had a football team in 1950.
*1 "Plain" helmets were worn during at least one game in 2014 (game #1 vs West Alabama, September 6). Numerals were present on Stillman's helmets the following week (at Samford, September 13).
Sue Bennett College (London, KY) had an NAIA football team for a brief period during the 1990s (apparently 1991 through 1996) before the school closed in 1997. The only photograph I have ever received for this team is the one below (year unknown), which appears to show the team using dark green helmets with a white "SBC" logo, the letters arranged diagonally. The team nickname was "Dragons" and the school colors were green and white.
Swarthmore College (PA) announced the discontinuation of its football program on December 2, 2000. The Garnet had gone 4-5 during the 2000 season and had been a member of the NCAA Division III Centennial Conference. The helmet shown here was used during at least the last year or two of the program's existence. The previous helmet was maroon with a white block "S" logo, white facemask, and one white stripe.
The last Tarkio College (Tarkio, MO) football team played in 1990 as a member of the NAIA Heart of America Athletic Conference; the college closed its doors shortly thereafter. The team was known as the "Owls". The helmet design shown above was used by the team at some unknown point in its history - probably during the 1970s or 1980s, based on its appearance in the photographs that I received.
The 1971 helmet has been described as "all white with a large deep purple T - the underside of the T was curved up to meet the center line".
|1988||1989 - ?||? - 1993|
The name of Tennessee Wesleyan University (Athens, TN) did not appear on the long list of defunct college teams upon which I based the list at the top of this page, but I repeatedly came across its name while researching other schools in the region. TWU apparently had an NAIA football team from 1984 or 1985 through 1993. The university's yearbooks have been digitized allowing partial information to be gathered regarding the team's sequence of helmet designs; there were apparently at least two others besides those represented above. 'Bulldogs' was the team nickname. Any additional information would be appreciated.
TRINITY BIBLE COLLEGE
|? - 2001||2002 - 2003||2004 - 2006|
|2007 - 2008||2009 - 2011||2012 - 2019|
|*see note 1 below|
Trinity Bible College (Ellendale, ND) terminated its football team on October 30, 2019, citing as the reason the safety of the small number of players remaining on the team's roster. The team was a member of the National Christian College Athletic Association but had often played NAIA and NCAA Division III teams.
From 2009 through 2011 TBC used blue helmets with a logo consisting of the team name "LIONS" and a lion head. I would appreciate a copy of the left-side helmet logo for this design; below is a photograph from 2009:
TBC played its first season of football in 1984 - any information about earlier helmet designs used by the team would be greatly appreciated. I never received much information for this team so it is possible that other designs were missed, even during the more recent years.
*1 Apparently during most games in 2014 and 2015 TBC wore a large "lion head" logo on the right side only of each helmet (as represented below); this local was absent during at least the September 5, 2015 game at Presentation.
|c.1969 - 1970||c.1971|
U.S. International University (San Diego, CA) had an intercollegiate football team which played its last season in 1979. The school was known as California Western University prior to 1968, and in 2001 it merged with another school to form what is now Alliant International University.
During the Cal Western years the team apparently used blue helmets, sometimes with a light-colored stripe and sometimes with light-colored numerals on the sides. I would appreciate any color photos from the years prior to 1969 and from the period 1972 through late 1970s.
|? - 2001?||2002||2003 - 2005|
|2006||2007 - 2012||2013 - 2014|
|2015 - 2019|
Urbana University (Urbana, OH) announced on April 21, 2020 that its campus would close at the end of the Spring 2020 semester. The school's football team had most recently been a member of the NCAA Division II Mountain East Conference.
WEST VIRGINIA UNIVERSITY TECH
|? - 1998?||1999? - 2000?||2001 - 2002|
|2006 - 2011|
The discontinuation of the WVU Tech football team was announced on November 14, 2011, with "the high cost of operating [the] program, coupled with low fan attendance and support" cited as reasons for the decision. The team had most recently competed in the NAIA Mid-South Conference.
This team used several different helmet designs during the early 2000s which I have been unable to add to the web site; I would greatly appreciate the necessary information for the helmets listed below before this information becomes lost in the shadows of time.
During at least the 2001 and 2002 seasons, West Virginia University Tech used a helmet logo that was only slightly different from the one the team used previously (c.1999 - 2000); below is a photograph. I would appreciate a copy of this logo so that I may add this historical helmet to the web site.
The team had another new helmet design for 2004. The helmets were dark blue (or maybe black?) and had a logo consisting of the word "TECH" in large white letters, with the words "WEST VIRGINIA" in smaller letters inside the horizontal bar of the "T" in "TECH". There were no stripes on the helmet. Again I will need a copy of the helmet logo in order to add this one to the site. Below is a photograph of one of the 2004 WVU Tech helmets:
In 2005, WVU Tech was using another new helmet design, shown in the photograph below. The helmets were some dark color (one person reported that they are black, though the school colors are blue and gold), and had a logo on the sides spelling the team name "BEARS", with a "paw" in place of the letter "B". I will need a copy of the 2005 helmet logo and confirmation of the helmet shell color in order to add this one to the web site.
An earlier helmet design used by the team (c.early 1980s) has been described as having a white shell, dark blue facemask, one dark blue stripe, and a logo consisting of the word "TECH" in gold letters with blue outlines.
|? - 1999||2000 - 2005||2006 - 2008|
Citing financial reasons, the difficulty of scheduling games against regional opponents, and the need to preserve other intercollegiate sports, WWU announced the termination of its 105-year-old football team on January 9, 2009. The team had competed at the NCAA Division II level for many years.
Partial information has been received about two earlier helmet designs: during the mid-1970s the team was using dark blue helmets with the same logo as is used by the NFL's Minnesota Vikings; at another unspecified time, the team used silver helmets with a blue version of that same logo.
Westmar University (Le Mars, IA) closed in November 1997. The school had a football team for several decades, up to and including the 1997 season. Despite its fairly recent existence I have been able to find almost no information about helmet desigsn for this team, other than a few poor-quality photographs which appear to show the team using silver helmets with a blue "W" logo during the team's last few years. At this time the team competed in the NAIA South Dakota-Iowa Intercollegiate Conference. "Eagles" was the tean mickname.
The school was previously named Teikyo-Westmar University (from 1990 to 1994) and Westmar College (from 1948 to 1990).
Westminster College (Salt Lake City, UT) had an intercollegiate football team until 1979. I have never found or received any information about helmet designs used by this team other than the photographs below, which apparently show helmet designs used by Westminster during the early 1970s. The school colors are presently purple and copper, but could have been something else fifty years ago. The team nickname at that time was "Parsons".
Whitman College's (Walla Walla, WA) football team last played in 1976. The team nickname was "Missionaries" and I think several other helmet designs may have been used in addition to the one above, which was in use during the very early 1970s.
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-MILWAUKEE
|1957? - 1962?||1963? - 1964||1965 - ?|
|*see note 1 below||*see note 2 below|
|1970? - 1971?||? - 1972||1973 - 1974|
|*see note 3 below|
The University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee had an intercollegiate football team through 1974. The team was known as the "Cardinals" through 1964, but a change to "Panthers" (and to new school colors) was made the following year. Due to scarce information the dates of use for several of these designs are uncertain.
*1 This design was used from 1957 through 1962, and possibly in 1956 and/or 1963 also.
*2 This design was used from 1965 through 1969, and possibly in 1970 also.
*3 This design was used in 1972, and possibly in 1971 also.
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN-SUPERIOR
The football team of the University of Wisconsin at Superior played two games in 1992 before the program was abruptly terminated. The team, nicknamed "Yellow Jackets", had competed in the NCAA Division III Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference.
The team apparently switched between white, gold, and orange helmets prior to about 1980 but may have always used black helmets during its last decade or so. The 1992 team used black helmets with the script word "Jackets" on the side in white or gold/yellow; this logo was in use by at least 1984. Additional information would be appreciated.
Yankton College (Yankton, SD)is another small defunct school for which I been able to find almost no information other than a single photograph from an unknown year showing the football team using yellow helmets with an unrecognizable logo (below). The team played nine games in 1984 and the college closed in December of that year. "Greyhounds" was the nickname of the team. which competed as a member of the NAIA.