NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision Independents


ARMY WEST POINT BRIGHAM YOUNG CONNECTICUT
"Black Knights" "Cougars" "Huskies"
West Point, NY Provo, UT Storrs, CT
LIBERTY MASSACHUSETTS NEW MEXICO STATE
"Flames" "Minutemen" "Aggies"
Lynchburg, VA Amherst, MA Las Cruces, NM
NOTRE DAME
"Fighting Irish"
South Bend, IN

Historical Helmets

ARMY WEST POINT

1957 - 1971 1972 - 1973 1972; 1974 - 1977
*see note 1 below *see note 2 below
1979 - 1980 1981 - 1982 2008
'B' 'C'
1977 - 1978; 1983 - 2007;
2009 - 2011
2008; 2010; 2013; 2014 2010; 2014; 2016 - 2017
*see note 5 below *see note 3 below *see note 4 below
'D' 'E'
2012 (first 11 games) 2014 2014
*see note 6 below *see note 7 below
'F' 'G' 'H'
November 15, 2014 November 7, 2015 December 12, 2015
*see note 8 below
'I' 'J' 'K'
December 10, 2016 December 9, 2017 December 8, 2018
*see note 9 below
'L' 'M' 'N'
December 14, 2019 December 12, 2020 December 11, 2021
'O' 'A'
December 10, 2022 2012 -

During recent years Army has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

*1 In 1969 Army used a version of the college football centennial "100" decal on their helmets; it was worn on the back side of the helmet, just above the bottom, and would not be visible from the perspective I use at this web site. The football shape was some dark color (perhaps black, but quite possibly blue or some other color), outlined in white, and with white numerals. I have seen one photograph where some renegade player had placed the decal on the side of his helmet, but the rear placement was clearly the standard position for it. The 1969 helmets were otherwise identical to this one.

*2 This design was used throughout the 1972 and 1973 seasons with the exceptions of games #3 and #4 in 1972; for those games (vs Lehigh and Penn State), the logo was absent and the helmets therefore resembled the one shown above labelled "1972; 1974 - 1977".

*3 Helmets with a digital camouflage pattern were worn December 6, 2008 (vs Navy), October 30, 2010 (vs Virginia Military Institute), November 2, 2013 (at Air Force), November 9, 2013 (vs Western Kentucky), October 11, 2014 (vs Rice), and October 18, 2014 (at Kent State). The patterns apparently varied from one helmet to the next, at least during the more recent seasons.

*4 Worn November 6, 2010 (vs Air Force) and September 6, 2014 (vs Buffalo).

*5 Army first used black faceguards for the 1977 game against Navy; gray ones had been used for all earlier games that season.

*6 I have received conflicting descriptions of the color of the stripe on this design - some people have reported that a white stripe was used, but it appears to be pale gray in the clearest photographs which I have seen.

*7 This design differs from 'D' in that the stripe has a camouflage pattern.

*8 Worn vs Navy at Philadephia, PA. Uniform numerals were worn on the left side only of each Army helmet during this game. On the right side of each helmet was one of seventeen different logos representing "the 17 branches [of the Army] cadets can enter after graduation"; below are representations of these designs.

Adjutant General Branch Air Defense Artillery
Branch
Armor Branch
Aviation Branch Chemical Branch Corps of Engineers
Branch
Cyber Branch Field Artillery Branch Financial Management
Branch
Infantry Branch Medical Services Corps
Branch
Military Intelligence
Branch
Military Police Branch Ordnance Branch Quartermaster Corps
Branch
Signal Corps Branch Transportation Branch

*9 Worn vs Navy at Baltimore, MD. During this game seven different helmet "logos" were worn by Army; these were the insignia of various units of the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division as constituted during the Second World War; below are representations of these designs. Many helmets had the logo on one side only; the left side of many helmets was "blank".

504th Parachute
Infantry Regiment
505th Parachute
Infantry Regiment
508th Parachute
Infantry Regiment
307th Airborne
Engineer Battalion
325th Glider
Infantry Regiment
456th Parachute Field
Artillery Battalion
Paragliders

BRIGHAM YOUNG

1955 - 1960 c.1962 1964 - 1965
1966 - 1968 1969 1969 - 1977
*see note 1 below *see note 1 below
1978 regular season October 28, 1989 December 22, 1978 - 1997;
2009; 2013; 2014
*see note 2 below *see note 3 below
1998 1999 - 2004 December 30, 2011
*see note 4 below
October 13, 2012;
November 15, 2014
September 11, 2014 November 26, 2016
'A' 'B' 'C'
2005 - October 3, 2014; 2019 - 2019 -
'D' 'E' 'F'
2020 - 2020 - 2020 -
'G' 'H' 'I'
2021 - 2021 - 2021 -
'J'
2021 -

During recent years BYU has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

*1 In 1969 the "100" logo was worn on the left sides of BYU's helmets and the "Y" logo was worn on the right sides.

*2 During the 1989 game at Hawai'i, BYU used a "logo" of a red circle on the left sides of their helmets (see photo below); the usual "Y" logo was in place on the right sides. Highlights from the game can be see at YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LwnbkqkV0VI . For many years the purpose of this "logo" was unknown, but the mystery has apparently now been solved, see: https://uni-watch.com/2018/09/26/solved-the-mystery-of-byus-red-dot/ .

*3 This helmet design was first used during BYU's appearance in the inaugural Holiday Bowl game against Navy at the end of the 1978 season. Site Visitor Dan C. reported that both blue and white faceguards were used by different players on this helmet in games from 1979 to 1983, although blue was always the predominant color. This design was used once again during the home game against Utah on November 28, 2009, in observance of the 25th anniversary of BYU's 1984 "national championship", and again during the Las Vegas Bowl game against Oregon State at the end of the 2009 season (December 22). Additional appearances were September 21, 2013 (vs Utah) and October 3, 2014 (vs Utah State).

*4 Worn during the 2011 Armed Forces Bowl game vs Tulsa at Dallas, TX. Those parts of the helmet normally blue in color (the oval-shaped logo and the two outer stripes) were replaced with a camouflage pattern during this game.


CONNECTICUT

1958 - 1962 1963 1964
1965 1966 1967
*see note 1 below
1968; 1970 1971 - 1972 1973 - 1975
1976 - 1977 1978 - 1982 1983 - 1989
1990 - 1993 1994 1995 - 1998
'G'
1999 - 2001 2002 2003 - 2012; 2018 -
'A' 'B' 'C'
2013 - 2014 2013 - 2014 2014
'D' 'E' 'F'
2015 - 2015 - 2015 -
'H' 'I' 'J'
2018 - 2018 - 2018 -
'K' 'L' 'M'
2019 - 2019 - 2019 -
'N' 'O' 'P'
2022 - 2022 - 2022 -

During recent years Connecticut has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

In 1969 Connecticut used a logo consisting of the number "100" inside a football shape to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the first college football game; I would appreciate any clear color photographs of UConn's version of this helmet.

*1 The 1965 Connecticut helmet design was a peculiar one - the left half of the shell was white and the right side blue, with the same logo on each side, but with the colors inverted (hence the right side looked like the '1964' design shown above).


LIBERTY

1973 - 1974 1975 1976
1977 - 1978 1979 - 1983 1984
*see note 1 below
1985 1987 - 1988 1991
*see note 1 below *see note 1 below
1986; 1989 - 1990; 1992 1993 1994 - 1999
2000 2001 - 2003 2004 - 2005
November 20, 2010 2006 - 2010 2011 - 2012
'A' 'B' 'C'
2013 - 2013 2013 -
'D' 'E' 'F'
2014 - 2014 - 2015 2016 -
'G' 'H' 'I'
2018 - 2018 - 2018 -
*see note 2 below
'J' 'K' 'L'
2019 - 2019 - 2019 -

During recent years Liberty has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

This school's football team played its first season in 1973, at which time the school name was Lynchburg Baptist College and the team colors were gold and green. In 1976 the name was changed to Liberty Baptist College and blue, red, and white were adopted as the school colors. The team was affiliated with both the NAIA and NCAA for a few years before switching solely to NCAA Division II in 1983. The college was renamed Liberty University in 1985 and a move to NCAA Division I-AA occurred in 1988.

The two "known" "missing" helmet designs used by this team are those used in 1976 and 1993; below are photographs of these:

The 1976 design appears to have a "liberty bell" symbol with the number 76 across its lower portion; the colors used on this design are unknown but the helmet color is presumably blue. In 1993 Liberty used red helmets with the word "Liberty" in a script style, apparently blue with a white or silver outline. Clearer photographs of either of these designs would be appreciated greatly.

*1 The stripe sequence on each of these helmet designs is (from left to right) blue-white-red.

*2 The "'71" on this design (commemorating Lynchburg Baptist College's first year of operations) is worn on the left side only; a logo is worn on the right side (as shown below).


MASSACHUSETTS

1963 - 1968 1970 - 1972 1973
1974 - 1984 1985 ? - 1962; 1986
1987 1988 1989 - 1992
*see note 1 below
1993 - 2002 2003 - 2004 2005 -
September 1, 2011
'B'
2011 October 20, 2012 2013;
September 27, 2014
*see note 2 below
'C' 'D' 'A'
2013 2013 2012 - 2013
'E' 'F' 'G'
2014 - 2016 2015 - 2017 -
'H' 'I' 'J'
2018 - 2018 - 2019 -
'K' 'L' 'M'
2019 - 2019 - 2019 -
'N'
2021 -

During recent years Massachusetts has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

  • 2021: L-J-L; N-L-J; L-N-J; N-N-L
  • 2020: L (entire season (four games))
  • 2019: J-K-L; K-L-L; K-M-L; K-L-K
  • 2018: H-H-B; H-H-B; I-H-B; H-H-H
  • 2017: F-F-F; F-B-G; F-F-F; F-B-B
  • 2016: F-B-F; B-F-F; F-F-B; F-F-F
  • 2015: E-B-E; E-E-B; B-F-B; F-F-F
  • 2014: E-E-E; E-B-E; B-E-E; E-E-E
  • 2013: A-B-A; A-A-C; C-B-D; B-A-B

The above are to the best of my knowledge all of the different helmet designs used by Massachusetts during the period covered by this website (1960 to present).

*1 This design is identical to the one used in 1988 but for the addition of the word "AMHERST" in small letters below the "UM" logo (the letters are obviously not legible in the image size used here).

*2 First worn during the second game of the 2011 season (September 17 vs Rhode Island). This design has an asymmetrical stripe sequence - the white middle stripe is bordered by a blue stripe on the left, and by a red stripe on the right.


NEW MEXICO STATE

1960 - 1965 1966 - 1968 1969
1970 - 1972 1973 1974 - 1977
1978 - 1982 1983 - 1985 1986
1987 - 1989 1990 - 1994 1995 - 2004
October 18, 2008 2005 - 2008 2009 - 2012
*see note 1 below
'A' 'B' 'C' (and'C1' through 'C7')
2013 - 2015 2015 2016 - 2017; 2020*
*see note 2 below
'D' 'E' 'F'
2017 2018 2018
*see note 3 below *see note 4 below
'G' (& 'G1','G2',&'G3') 'H' 'I' (and 'I1')
2019 2019 2021 -
*see note 5 below *see note 6 below *see note 7 below
'J' 'K' (and 'K1')
2021 - 2022 -
*see note 8 below *see note 9 below

During recent years NMSU has used the following sequences of helmet designs:

  • 2021: I-I-I; I1-I1-I1; I1-I1-J; J-I-I
  • 2020*: C7-C7
  • 2019: G-G-G1; G2-G2-G3; G3-G3-G3; H-H-H
  • 2018: E-E-F; F-F-C5; C5-C1-C1; C6-C6-C6
  • 2017: C3-C3-C3; C4-C4-C4; C4-C1-C1; C1-D-D; D (the last game being vs Utah State in the Arizona Bowl at Tuscon, AZ)
  • 2016: C-C-C; C-C1-C1; C2-C2-C2; C2-C2-C2
  • 2015: A-A-B; B-B-A; A-A-A; A-A-A

*1 A pink "ribbon" logo was worn on NMSU's helmets (left sides only; the "Aggies" logo remained on the right sides) during the 2008 home game against San Jose State "in an effort to promote breast cancer awareness and raise money for research projects in New Mexico".

*2 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side of designs 'C', 'C1', 'C2', 'C3', 'C4', 'C5', 'C6', and 'C7', but a different logo is present on the right side of each of these (as represented below).

'C' 'C1' 'C2'
'C3' 'C4' 'C5'
'C6' 'C7'

*3 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side only of this design; on the right side is a logo depicting two pistols (as represented below).

*4 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side only of this design; a logo is worn on the right side (as represented below).

*5 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side of designs 'G', 'G1', 'G2', and 'G3' but a different logo is present on the right side of each of these (as represented below).

'G' 'G1' 'G2'
'G3'

*6 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side only of this design; a logo is worn on the right side (as represented below).

*7 Uniform numbers are worn on the left sides only of designs 'I' and 'I1'; logos are worn on the right sides as depicted below..

'I' 'I1'

*8 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side only of design 'J'; a logo is present on the right side (as represented below).

*9 Uniform numbers are worn on the left side only of both 'K' and 'K1'; different logos are present on the right sides of these (as represented below).

'K' 'K1'

NOTRE DAME

1959 - 1962;
September 10, 2011
1963 November 12, 2011
*see note 1 below
October 6, 2012 October 5, 2013 September 13, 2014
*see note 2 below
November 21, 2015 November 12, 2016 November 18, 2017
November 17, 2018 1964 -

The shamrock helmet logo was introduced in 1959 by Notre Dame's head coach Joe Kuharich; it was used through the 1962 season and replaced with white uniform numbers the following year. New head coach Ara Parseghian brought back plain gold helmets in 1964 and the team used those during every game for 47 seasons, until the shamrock was brought back for use during the 2011 game at Michigan.

*1 Worn during the 2011 game vs Maryland played at Landover, MD. The helmet image here may imply that the design involved "camouflage" but this is not the case - the shell was covered with circular, gold "reflectors" (for lack of a better word) that tended to more or less color the helmet in two shades of gold (dark and light).

*2 Worn during the 2012 game vs Miami (FL) played at Chicago, IL. Only the left side was blue; the right side was gold with a texture similar to that of the November 12, 2011 helmet (as represented below). The gold pattern spilled over onto the left hemisphere of the helmet by perhaps 1.5" or thereabouts.